Introduction: Recently, I was speaking with a lady who is dying of
cancer. Because she has little time to live, I anxiously explained
the plan of salvation to her. While I spoke, she fingered the cross
hanging from her neck and responded, “I know, I know.” Her reaction
was that this was old news, rather than good news. As I progressed
to explain about the conflict between good and evil, she told me she
did not believe Satan exists. At once I knew she did not fully
understand the gospel. Our study this week and this quarter reveals
the conflict, the drama, between good and evil. Only with the
background of evil can we most clearly see the picture of God’s love
for us. Let’s dive in!

  1. The Origin of Evil

    1. Read Ezekiel 28:11-12. Let’s get the cast of characters
      straight here. Who is the source of this message? (God.)

      1. Who is the “son of man?” (Here it refers to Ezekiel.
        You find that God almost always addresses Ezekiel in
        this way.)

      2. What is Tyre? (If you look at Ezekiel
        chapters 26 and
        27 you will find dread warnings about the future of
        the Kingdom of Tyre. This prosperous trading kingdom
        on the sea, we read, will be destroyed by
        Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon. The destruction of
        this prominent and prosperous kingdom will be so
        complete that it will shock its neighbors. Chapter 28
        starts with a discussion of the King of Tyre.)

      3. If you did not know about the coming
        destruction of
        Tyre, would you like to be the King? (This says he
        was a gifted fellow: smart, handsome – perfect!)

    2. Read Ezekiel 28:13-14. What else does this tell us about
      the King of Tyre? (He was in Eden. He had gold and gem
      ornaments on the day he was created (not born). He was a
      guardian angel on the holy mount of God. He walked among
      the fiery stones.)

      1. Are “fiery” stones people who have bad tempers? What
        do you think “fiery” means? (Revelation has a picture
        of heaven’s soldiers in which they wear armor which
        is “fiery red, dark blue, and yellow as sulfur.”
        ( Revelation 9:17))

      2. What, then, are “stones?” (Stone is a
        interesting word in the Bible. Jesus is referred to
        as a Stone in Romans 9:33 (among many other places).
        Jesus is called the “tested stone” and “cornerstone”
        in Isaiah 28:16. We are told we are like “living
        stones” in 1 Peter 2:4-5.)

      1. Now that you have considered the use of the word
        “fiery” and “stones” in the Bible, put them together
        and tell me your understanding of “fiery stones?”
        (Stones are those individuals who make up the kingdom
        of God, with Jesus being the Cornerstone. Fiery seems
        to denote heaven. Therefore, I conclude this is a
        picture of the citizens of heaven.)

      2. Does this mean the King of Tyre walked
        among the
        inhabitants of heaven?

      3. Does this description in Ezekiel
        28:13-14 sound like
        a man? (It could not be a man. How could this fellow
        be in Eden? How could he be “created” as opposed to
        born? (Note, however, the Bible uses the word
        “created” broadly sometimes – for example, Isaiah
        43:1) How could he be in heaven (“holy mount”)
        walking among its inhabitants? How could he be an

        1. What do you conclude from this then? Who is
          being described in Ezekiel 28:13-14? (Our lesson
          (Sunday) says this is a reference to Lucifer
          (Satan). Most of the commentaries that I
          consulted (9 of them)thought Ezekiel was
          speaking of the actual King of Tyre (Ithobal
          II)and suggested these statements where
          figurative. A couple of the commentaries noted
          that some believed this was Satan.)

    1. Let’s read on to better test these conflicting theories.
      Read Ezekiel 28:15-18. What other characteristics do we
      learn about the King of Tyre? (That he was perfect. That
      he was expelled from heaven. That he was thrown to earth.)

      1. Now which interpretation do you think is right? Who
        is being described here? (I think it is clear that we
        are not discussing a man any longer. The
        commentaries I consulted that thought this was the
        King of Tyre seemed strained in their attempt to tie
        this to a specific person.)

    2. Read Revelation 12:7-9. Does this square with the picture
      we have been able to glean from Ezekiel? (Yes, not only
      does it say that Satan was in heaven, it also (like
      Ezekiel 28:16) talks about violence and war in heaven, and
      it speaks of the Devil losing and being thrown to earth.)

    3. Where did evil and Satan originate? (In
    1. Why would Ezekiel start writing about the King of Tyre and
      end up talking about Satan? How does that make any sense?
      (The King of Tyre had the same sin of pride. Ezekiel slips
      into discussing the original source of the sin of pride.)

  1. The Origin of Salvation

    1. Read John 1:1-4. Tell me what you learn about “the Word”
      in these verses? (He existed from “the beginning,” He was
      “with God,” more than that He “was God.” He created “all
      things” and He possessed light.)

      1. Where did the Word live? (Heaven.)

      1. Who is this remarkable “Word?”

    1. Read John 1:14-15. Does this cast more light on the
      identity of the “Word?”

      1. When verse 15 tells us that “John testifies”
        concerning the Word, is the author of this gospel
        writing about himself? (No. He is referring to the
        testimony of John the Baptist about Jesus. See John
        1:26-30. Jesus is the Word!)

  1. Good versus Evil

    1. We have identified these descriptions of Jesus and Satan
      and briefly looked at their backgrounds. Let’s compare
      them now. Compare Ezekiel 28:13-14 with John 1:1.

      1. Did Jesus and Satan “grow up” in the same
        neighborhood? (It is not accurate to say Jesus “grew
        up,” but they obviously lived together and knew each
        other in heaven.)

      2. Were Jesus and Satan in Eden together?

    2. Read Hebrews 7:25-26. Who is being described here as our
      High Priest? (Jesus) Compare Hebrews 7:26 with Ezekiel
      28:14-15. Were Jesus and Satan both blameless? (Yes,
      according to these texts.)

    3. Compare John 1:14 with Ezekiel 28:16-17.
      Where did Jesus
      and Satan end up? (Jesus, like Satan, ended up on earth.)

      1. Tell me the different way in which they came to
        earth? (Jesus volunteered to come here to save us.
        Satan got thrown here against his will as a result of
        losing a violent war!)

    4. Have you ever seen a family where one kid is well behaved
      and the other child is a hellion? What do you think the
      parents of those children ask themselves? (Why? If we
      raised them the same, why did one go bad and the other did

    5. Jesus is God, and Satan is not. However,
      Satan seems to
      have held a very high position in heaven ( Ezekiel 28:14
      “guardian cherub.”) He no doubt had fellowship with Satan
      in heaven. What went wrong? What caused evil to arise out
      of perfection ( Ezekiel 28:15 – “blameless”)?

      1. We find out answer by looking again at Ezekiel

      2. Will good looks make you crazy? (All
        the ugly people
        cheer! Verse 17 tells us that Satan’s splendor
        “corrupted” his wisdom. Beauty can be a trap.)

      3. What do you understand from these
        verses happened in
        heaven because of Satan’s pride? (His fall started
        with pride because of his beauty and position (v.17).
        This lead to violence (v.16) until God had to
        forcibly expel him from heaven (v.17).)

      4. Are you proud? How serious a sin is

      1. How does your church treat those who have the sin of
        pride? How is it treated compared to, say, sexual

    1. Read John 1:10-12. What does this suggest about Jesus’
      pride? (He did not have any. He was willing to humble
      himself by not only becoming a man, but an unrecognized,
      and generally unwanted man!)

    2. Read Philippians 2:5-8. Compare Jesus
      attitude to Satan’s

      1. Compare the goal of Jesus’ life with the goal of
        Satan’s life? (Satan was focused on himself and his
        beauty and power. Jesus was focused on helping

      2. How do your life goals fit into this
        comparison? Are
        your goals more like those of Jesus or more like
        those of Satan?

  1. The Results

    1. Read Genesis 3:2-5. What was Satan’s work after he was
      hurled down to earth? (Lying to us.)

      1. Is that a continuing work for Satan? (Read John

    2. After Satan lies to us and causes us to sin, what does he
      do? (Read Revelation 12:9-10. This accords with the
      picture in Zechariah 3:1-2 which shows that Satan has an
      ongoing work of accusing us before God!)

    3. What is Jesus doing in contrast? (Read
      Hebrews 6:19-20. It
      is instructive to read Hebrews chapters 5-8. However we
      get a snapshot of what Jesus is doing for us in Hebrews
      6:19-20. While Satan is accusing us, Jesus is interceding
      for us as our great High Priest!)

      1. So, as they say in the movie “Ghostbusters,” Who are
        you going to call?”

      2. Who do you want to emulate in your

    4. Read Ezekiel 28:18. What is the end of Satan?

    5. Friend, Jesus and Satan started out in
      the same place.
      Satan lived a life of pride and selfishness. He continues
      to lead a life of lies and accusations. Jesus, on the
      other hand lived a life of self-sacrifice and continues to
      work for us as our High Priest in heaven. Which will you
      choose to follow?

  2. Next Week: The Betrayers – Peter and Judas.