Introduction: Do you find it hard to trust God? Have you seen
situations that are simply unfair? Not too long ago, I was asked to
be a guest Bible teacher at a church. One of the members of the
church asked me to come to her home to meet relatives. When I got
there, the relatives were a married couple. I was told their parents
and children were riding together in a car when they had an accident
and all were killed. In one day this couple lost their parents and
their children. I had been invited to the home to explain how a God
who would allow this was both loving and trustworthy. Our lessons
this quarter explore this issue of how an evil world can exist when a
loving God is in charge. Let’s jump into our first lesson!

  1. War

    1. Read Revelation 12:7-9. When you think about heaven, what
      kind of place comes to mind?

      1. When you think of angels, what kind of beings come to

      2. Under what circumstances can you imagine war in
        heaven and angels fighting angels?

    2. Let’s see if we can understand this better. Read
      Revelation 12:3-5. Who is this child? (Jesus. Jesus rules
      all nations and is with God on His throne.)

      1. Who is the dragon who tried to kill Jesus?
        ( Revelation 12:9 tells us the dragon is that “ancient
        serpent called the devil, or Satan.” Matthew 4:1-11
        gives us an insight into how the devil (Satan) tried
        to get Jesus to sin when Jesus was here on earth.
        Genesis 3:1-6 recites how Satan got Adam and Eve to

      2. What do you understand the “third of the stars” in
        Revelation 12:4 to mean? (Since we know Satan is the
        dragon, that he tempted Jesus to sin and was able to
        get humans to sin, it makes sense that this is an
        illusion to Satan causing one-third of the angels in
        heaven to sin.

      3. Does this give you a better idea of the circumstances
        under which war could exist in heaven? (Now we know
        how we could have (Rev. 12:7) angels fighting angels.
        Revelation 12:9 makes it clear that Satan corrupted
        angels who were expelled from heaven with him.)

    3. Let’s stop and consider this for a moment. Who won the
      battle between good and evil in heaven? (God did and Satan
      and his forces were defeated and hurled to earth.)

      1. Is God all powerful?

      2. Did things happen in heaven that God did not want to
        have happen?

    1. Read Revelation 12:10-12. Does the war continue? If so,
      where? (Yes it does continue. God threw the devil out of
      heaven, but this means (unfortunately) he moved into our

      1. Is the devil a nice neighbor? (Verse 12 says he is
        mad as a wet hen and is on a mission of woe!)

      2. Can you find any good news in Revelation 12:12? (Yes!
        It says Satan’s “time is short.”)

      3. What is your status in this continuing war? Are you
        an observer or a combatant? (Read Revelation 12:17.
        If you believe in Jesus and obey God’s commandments
        then you are a combatant and a target of Satan.)

      4. Is this a war we can win? ( Revelation 12:11 says that
        we can overcome Satan “by the blood of the Lamb” and
        by “the word of [our] testimony.”)

    2. A rather young neighbor of mine recently died of cancer.
      When I was discussing spiritual matters with her before
      her death, she told me that she did not believe in a
      devil. What do these texts we have read suggest about the
      accuracy of her belief?

      1. If you were dying of cancer, and you did not believe
        in the devil, how would you view God? (God would be
        the source of evil. Knowing a war is going on makes a

        tremendous difference in our outlook on life. If we
        are at war, then we can understand why bad things
        happen even though God is in charge.)

  1. Why War?

    1. How did this war start? If God is a perfect God and He
      created a perfect heaven, how did evil arise?

    2. Were Adam and Eve created perfect? ( Genesis 1:26-27, 31
      report that we were made by God in His image and His
      creation “was very good.”)

    3. If Adam and Eve were created perfect, and if the entire
      creation was perfect, if we figure out how sin entered our
      world will that likely give us clues about how sin entered
      heaven? (I think so.)

      1. Let’s look at the familiar story in Genesis 3:1-6.

      2. After reading this story, what is your conclusion
        about how sin began on earth? What caused sin? (We
        can see some obvious causes for sin. First, Eve and
        Adam were given the freedom to choose. Second, Satan
        was given some freedom to tempt them. Third, Eve
        distrusted God and believed Satan. Fourth, the line
        that caused Eve to accept Satan’s word instead of
        God’s word was (v. 5) the one about being like God.)

      1. If you were God, what would you have done
        differently? (The choices seem limited. You could
        take away the freedom of Adam and Eve to choose. You
        could take away the freedom of Satan to tempt humans.
        You could work on having humans trust you more. You
        could forget the whole “creation thing” in the first

        1. Are there problems with your “God options?” (If
          you take away the human freedom to choose you
          have robots. If you take away Satan’s freedom to
          tempt, then he is screaming about you winning
          through force and not because you are right or
          fair. If humans are too dumb to trust you after
          you created them, what can you do? Take the
          ultimate step and die for them?)

  1. How Sin Began

    1. Read Isaiah 14:12-14. Who is this text speaking about? (If
      you look at Isaiah 14:3-4 you will see this refers to
      “taunt[s] against the King of Babylon.”)

    2. Read Ezekiel 28:12-17. Who is this text speaking about?
      (Verse 12 says “a lament concerning the King of Tyre.”)

    3. Our lesson suggests these texts are about Satan. In our
      study of how sin began, why do we care about the Kings of
      Babylon and Tyre? (It is customary for commentators to
      also link these texts to Satan. Some do it without even
      bothering to acknowledge the link to these earthly kings.
      Our lesson (Tuesday) has a brilliant explanation which
      acknowledges the context of these texts and explains why
      they are properly linked to Satan. The lesson suggests
      these texts also refer to the power behind these earthly
      thrones. Why is this understanding appropriate? Because
      Peter does the very same thing when he takes King David’s
      comments about himself ( Psalms 16:9-11) and tells us(Acts
      2:25-32) that this really applies to Jesus. Just as Jesus
      was the power behind the throne of David, so Satan was the
      power behind the throne of the Kings of Babylon and Tyre.)

    4. Since these texts in Isaiah and Ezekiel refer to Satan,
      let’s look at them more carefully. Compare Ezekiel 28:12-14 with Isaiah 14:12. Is Satan a created being? (Yes.
      Ezekiel 28:13)

      1. What kind of being was Satan? ( Ezekiel 28:12 tells us
        he was “the model of perfection.” That he was “full
        of wisdom and perfect in beauty.” He must have been
        something special because Isaiah 14:12 calls him
        “morning star, son of the dawn.”)

      2. What kind of position did Satan have in heaven?
        ( Ezekiel 28:14 tells us he was a “guardian cherub”
        “on the holy mount of God.” This must have meant he
        held a very high position in heaven. He worked, as it
        were, in the throne room.)

    5. Compare Isaiah 14:13-14 with Ezekiel 28:15&17to see what
      we can learn about how evil began. How did evil begin in a
      high-ranking perfect being, in a perfect world? (It sounds
      like pride. Ezekiel tells us specifically that Satan’s
      beauty and wisdom caused his heart to become proud. Isaiah
      tells us that Satan decided that he was entitled to be
      like God.)

      1. Let’s revisit Genesis 3:4-6. Remember we thought that
        figuring out how sin occurred on earth might give us
        a clue about how it began in heaven? It turns out we
        were right. What would you say is the most deadly
        sin? What is the “grandaddy” of all sins? (Pride –
        specifically, wanting to become like God.)

      2. Has anyone in your church ever been disciplined for
        pride? Or, do you make the proud people the leaders
        of your church?

    6. Can we even recognize the sin of pride? What are examples?
      Can you think of any examples in your life?

      1. Have you ever said, “I know what the Bible says, but
        I know better how I should live?”

    7. Friend, can you understand now how sin began in heaven, a
      perfect place? Can you understand now how sin was exported
      to our world – created as a perfect place? Knowing how sin
      began, knowing that Satan’s “big weapon” is pride, will
      you pray that God will give you wisdom and His Spirit to
      overcome pride in your life?

  2. Next Week: Issues in the Great Controversy