Introduction: What does “the end of the law” mean? If someone said
“the end of you,” you would be seriously concerned that “end” meant
“death.” What else could it mean? If you have a boss who leaves the
company, you could reasonably say, “That’s the end of him!” “That’s
the end of her!” Is that the way the Bible means ( Romans 10:4) that
“Christ is the end of the law?” Let’s plunge into our study of the
Bible and see!

  1. Better Adam

    1. Read Romans 5:12-13. Who is this “one man?” (This refers
      to Adam.)

      1. What law was in affect when Adam sinned? This says
        that sin is not taken into account when there is no
        law, and the Ten Commandments were given to Moses
        long after Adam’s sin! (Read Genesis 2:15-17. God
        gave Adam the law against eating of the tree of
        knowledge of good and evil. God may have given other
        laws, but at least we know specifically about this

    2. Read Romans 5:14. What did Adam’s sin bring? (Death, just
      as God warned in Genesis 2.)

      1. Who is the “One to come,” and how is Adam a pattern
        for that person? (This refers to Jesus. Of the
        several ways in which Jesus was like Adam, the most
        relevant one here is that they both had a huge impact
        on life and death for those who followed.)

      2. Why do we see a reference to death reigning “from the
        time of Adam to the time of Moses?” Why throw Moses
        into the discussion? (This makes clear that the law
        in question is the Ten Commandments.)

  2. Sin Shield

    1. Read Romans 5:15-16. How is the “trespass” of Adam and the
      “gift” of Jesus so different? (Adam brought death and
      Jesus brings life!)

    2. Read Romans 5:17-19. In battle, we like to brag about how
      many enemy soldiers it takes to equal one of their
      soldiers. What is the “equivalence” statement here?
      (Adam’s one sin brought death to everyone who followed.
      Jesus’ gift brought grace to everyone. It erases many sins
      and brings righteousness to all “who receive” it. It is a
      powerful grace.)

    3. Read Romans 5:20-21. Adam had one law and one tree to
      avoid, or at least so it seems. Why would God add the Ten
      Commandments to increase the amount of sin? (The reason is
      to increase our knowledge. Recall that the moral law was
      given to us by a loving God to help us avoid being harmed
      by the operation of natural law. We now know more about
      the right direction to take, we now have guidance to avoid
      making terrible mistakes in life, and the really good news
      is that grace increases with the number of laws.)

    4. Imagine that you are a parent and you give your child one
      rule. Let’s say that rule is to be home by 10 p.m. Would
      you be a good parent? Would you have a good child? (Your
      child would have a very limited opportunity to disobey
      you. But, your child would be subject to all of the
      injuries every other child faces – except your child has
      no guidance from you!)

  3. Law and Grace

    1. Read Romans 6:1. We learned that Jesus brought us life,
      that His grace covers many sins, and that the law was
      given to increase sin. We could be forgiven for thinking
      that sin is not such a bad thing. Shall we go on sinning
      so that grace may increase? (If we give our children more
      than one rule, does that mean they should violate as many
      rules as we can give?)

    2. Read Romans 6:2-4. How did we “die” to sin? If violating
      the moral law means that we open ourselves to be harmed by
      the operation of the natural law, how can we ever die to
      sin? (This is important. Sin affects us in two ways. One
      is very practical and immediate: you sin and you get in
      trouble. Some natural law kicks in. You lose your temper
      and punch someone, they are likely to punch you back. The
      second is the long-term effect of sin. It brings eternal
      death. When we are baptized, we symbolically die in Jesus.
      As Jesus paid the penalty for our sins by His death, so we
      die in Jesus for our sins. As we rise from the waters of
      baptism, with Jesus we rise to live a new life. The
      penalty of eternal death has been paid through Jesus.)

      1. Is this the end of the law? If so, how? (It is the
        end of the power of the law to kill us eternally for
        our sins. Just like the spouse who died is no longer
        bound by the marriage vow, so when we die in Jesus
        the penalty for sin is paid. However, since sin
        caused Jesus’ death (and, in Him, our death)why would
        we want to sin? Why would we want to be so stupid as
        to ignore the immediate problems that sin brings?)

  4. Maps and Slavery

    1. Read Romans 6:5-7. Have you heard of zombies? In the
      United States we have this crazy, un-Biblical, fictional
      idea in books, television and movies about people who
      died, but who continue to live in some diminished
      capacity. They are called “zombies.” If you were a zombie,
      would you worry about dying? (No. You already died.
      Romans tells us that since we already died in Jesus, we do
      not need to fear death from sin. We enter into new life
      with Jesus through His resurrection.)

    2. Read Romans 6:15-18. What should motivate us to try to
      live in accordance with the law even though it can no
      longer kill us when we are united with Jesus? (Have you
      ever been addicted to something? Have you ever been
      damaged by your sins? The natural laws are still alive and
      well. If you want to avoid the slavery that comes from
      sin, then you need to avoid sin.)

    3. Read Romans 6:19. We are weak, how do we avoid the slavery
      of sin? (We make a decision. We decide to offer ourselves
      “to impurity and to ever-increasing wickedness” or “offer
      … in slavery to righteousness leading to holiness.” You
      are saved by grace. You died in Jesus for your sins. Now
      choose who you will serve!)

      1. How many of you can attest to the fact that sin is
        addictive? That it leads “to ever-increasing
        wickedness?” (If you have found this to be true, then
        it shows how important it is to turn away from sin.)

  5. Pure Grace!

    1. Read Romans 7:14-20. Can you identify with this?

    2. Read Romans 7:21-23. Can you identify with this?

      1. Notice that this discussion follows the discussion
        about dying to sin that we discussed in the prior
        chapter (Romans 6). Is Paul describing the life of
        someone saved by grace? (Paul is describing himself!
        The fellow who was inspired by God to write Romans 6
        is obviously someone saved by grace.)

    3. Read Romans 7:24-25. I just encouraged you to choose to be
      a slave to righteousness. Can we be a slave to both? (Paul
      says that his mind is a slave to God and his sinful nature
      a slave to sin.)

    4. Read Romans 8:1-3. If you feel like Paul, what is the
      Bible’s message for you? (“There is now no condemnation
      for those who are in Christ Jesus.” Praise God!)

    5. Read Romans 8:4-5. Is Paul contradicting himself? I
      thought his mind was a slave to God and his sinful nature
      a slave to sin? Paul just got through saying he did things
      he did not want to do. How can he say that we must not
      “live according to the sinful nature?” ( Romans 8:3-4 tell
      us that we fulfill the requirements of the law through
      Jesus. Nevertheless, we find a war going on in our life,
      just like Paul. Even though the war is going on, we are
      saved! “There is now no condemnation for those who are in
      Christ Jesus.” ( Romans 8:1)But, we must choose to live in
      accordance with God’s law.)

    6. How do you choose properly? (Read Romans 8:9 and Romans
      8:5. You ask the Holy Spirit to live in you. You set your
      mind on what the Spirit desires!)

    7. That still is unclear. Paul already told us ( Romans 7:22-25) that his mind was in the right place, but his body was
      not. His mind is already set “on what the Spirit desires.”
      What else can we do? Or is, “we do” getting us off the
      right track? Is this just “God do?”

    8. Read Romans 8:12-14. What does this say about our
      obligation? (We do have an important part in this. But our
      part is a partnership with the Holy Spirit to “put to
      death the misdeeds of the body.”)

    9. Is this a correct summary? The law no longer poses the
      threat of death to us, because at our baptism we died for
      our sins in Jesus and rose to a new life. However, the law
      is still important to us. Among other things, it is a
      roadmap that keeps us from becoming a slave to our sin
      addiction. Even in the new life, we find that the
      practical battle for sin rages every day. But, the key to
      this is to choose daily to ask the Holy Spirit to help us
      to set our minds on what God wants and to put to death the
      sin in our life.

    10. Friend, will you accept this challenge? Will you accept
      the free gift of eternal life, and take up the daily
      challenge to live a life led by the Holy Spirit, a life in
      which you choose to live as a son or daughter of God?

  6. Next week: The Law of God and the Law of Christ.