Introduction: Last week we studied about Daniel’s vision of
reconsecrating (cleansing) the sanctuary. Daniel had been a captive
and a foreigner for most of his life. His fondest hope was to have
his country and the sanctuary rebuilt so that the Jewish people could
go home and properly worship God again. Hold that thought while we
jump into our study of Daniel 9!

  1. The Prayer

    1. Read Daniel 9:1-3. When was Daniel praying? (The first
      year of King Darius. The Bible Knowledge Commentary
      identifies this as 539 B.C. – 66 years after Daniel had
      been exiled.)

      1. Do you remember Darius?(Read Daniel 5:30-31. Darius,
        the Mede, followed Belshazzar as ruler when the Medo-Persians defeated the Babylonians. This tells us that
        Daniel’s prayer follows in time his vision of chapter
        8. Compare Daniel 8:1.)

      2. What is Daniel praying about? (Now here is a surprise
        – Daniel is praying about Jeremiah’s prophecy
        ( Jeremiah 29:10)that the destruction of Jerusalem and
        the captivity of the Jews would last for only 70
        years. Since Daniel is 66 years into his exile, we
        can understand why he is praying about this topic.)

    2. Read Daniel 9:4-19. On what basis does Daniel ask God to
      consider and do something about His promise regarding
      Jerusalem? ( Daniel 9:18:God’s mercy. Daniel 9:19: God’s

      1. What got the people into trouble?

      2. Have the captives learned their lesson?

        1. Have you learned lessons about obedience to God?

      3. In Daniel 9:19 Daniel asks God to forgive His people.
        Can Daniel confess the sins of others? (Consider 1
        John 5:16-17 and Job 1:4-5.)

  2. The Answer

    1. Read Daniel 9:20-21. Who shows up? (Gabriel – the angel
      who came to see him before. We previously learned that
      Gabriel stands in the presence of God and gave to Mary
      God’s message about Jesus.)

      1. How do you like the timing of God’s response?
        (Gabriel left heaven when Daniel began his prayer and
        arrived while he was still praying!)

      2. What time of day did Gabriel show up? (The time of
        the evening sacrifice.)

        1. What “evening sacrifice” is Daniel talking
          about? (Daniel was so focused on the sanctuary
          service that he “tells time” based on when the
          evening sacrifice would have taken place. Of
          course, no sacrifice is taking place on earth
          because the sanctuary was destroyed long ago.)

    2. Read Daniel 9:22-23. Understanding about what? What is the
      topic on which Daniel needs greater understanding?
      (Clearly the topic of the sanctuary in the vision of
      Daniel 8. Daniel is thinking and praying about the
      sanctuary. The last time Gabriel spoke to him (Daniel
      8:26) it was about the sanctuary service. But, Daniel did
      not understand then. ( Daniel 8:27) So, Gabriel picks up
      where he left off last and continues his prior discussion.
      An interesting point is the Hebrew word used for the
      vision in Daniel 8:26, 8:2 7 and 9:23 is the same root
      word: “mareh.” Thus, Gabriel’s insight and understanding
      about the “vision” in Daniel 9:23 is about the same vision
      spoken of in Daniel 8:26 & 27.)

  3. Interpreting the Vision

    1. Read Daniel 9:24. “Seventy `sevens'” is an odd term. What
      do you think a “seven” means? (“Seven” would logically
      refer to a week. A week has seven days. Thus, Gabriel is
      speaking about 70 weeks.)

      1. How long is seventy weeks? (Seventy weeks would be
        about a year and a third (1 1/3).

    2. Read Daniel 9:25. Who do you think is the “Anointed One?”
      (See Acts 10:37-38. This refers to the Messiah – Jesus.)

      1. Considering that the general time frame is from the
        time of the decree to rebuild Jerusalem, to the time
        of Jesus, could we be talking about a little over one
        year? (No. Just as in Daniel 8, these 70 weeks are
        clearly symbolic(1 day = 1 year). Thus, 70 times 7
        (490 days)most likely means 490 years. This
        strengthens our prior conclusion that the 2,300 days
        of Daniel 8:14 symbolizes 2,300 years.)

    3. Consider again Daniel 9:24-25. What happens during this
      490 years? (Time is given to the Jewish people and
      Jerusalem to “finish transgression, put an end to sin, to
      atone for wickedness and to bring in everlasting

      1. How could the Jewish people put an end to sin and
        bring in everlasting righteousness? (They could not.
        This provides further evidence that the “Anointed
        One” is Jesus. Jesus guaranteed the end of sin and
        eternal life for the righteous.)

    4. Read Daniel 9:26. What does it mean for the Anointed One
      to be “cut off?” (Sounds like death. Compare Genesis 9:11
      and the Messianic prophecy of Isaiah 53:8.)

    1. Let’s look more closely at these numbers that we see in
      Daniel 9:24-27. How many time periods do you see? (Three.
      The total, 490 years (70×7) is found in verse 24. The
      first division of this is 49 years (“seven sevens”) and is
      found in verse 25. The second division is 434 years
      (62×7) is found in verses 25-26. The last division is
      seven years (“one `seven'”) and is found in verse 27.
      Together these add up to 490 years or seventy “sevens”.)

      1. What happens during the 49 years? (It appears this
        refers to the rebuilding of Jerusalem.)

      2. What happens at the end of the 483 years (49+434)?
        (The Anointed One comes ( Daniel 9:25). While there
        were three decrees to rebuild Jerusalem, the various
        commentaries have relatively small differences in the
        starting dates. The SDA Bible Commentary pegs the
        decree to rebuild at 458/457 B.C. (Artaxerxes decree.
        See Ezra 7:1-26.) Starting with 457 B.C., the 483
        years brings us to 27 A.D. – the year of Jesus’
        baptism and the beginning of His public ministry.)

      3. What happens during the seven years? ( Daniel 9:26
        tells us that after the 483 years the Anointed One
        will be “cut off” and Daniel 9:27 tells us that the
        Anointed One will put an end to sacrifice and
        offering in the middle of the “seven.” Continuing
        with our time-line from 457 B.C. to 27 A.D., an
        additional 3-4 years (middle of the seven) brings us
        to 31 A.D. – the year of Jesus’ crucifixion.
        Gabriel’s description makes sense because Jesus’
        crucifixion ended the need for the animal sacrifices
        in the rebuilt sanctuary in Jerusalem.)

        1. How do you understand ( Daniel 9:27)the
          “confirm[ing]” of the covenant for the rest of
          the “seven?” (In Matthew 21:43-45 Jesus predicts
          that the kingdom of God will be taken away from
          the Jewish officials who rejected Him and given
          to others – which, as we see in Acts, included
          Gentiles. The SDA Bible Commentary notes that 34
          A.D. (7 years after 27 A.D.) marked the stoning
          of Stephen and the beginning of sharing the
          gospel with Gentiles. See Acts 7&8.)

        2. How do you understand the Daniel 9:26 reference
          to destroying the “city and the sanctuary?”
          (Rome destroyed Jerusalem and the rebuilt
          sanctuary in 70 A.D. This fits the description
          of the “ruler who will come.” Psalms 79:1
          prophecies that the temple is “defiled” by those
          who reduce Jerusalem to rubble – thus fitting
          the “abomination that causes desolation.)

    2. How would you feel if you were Daniel hearing this message
      from Gabriel? (Just as I hear good news, I then hear
      terrible news. The sanctuary will be rebuilt and then
      destroyed again!)

    3. How do you feel, thousands of years later, to read
      Gabriel’s interpretation of the vision? (It gives me
      additional proof that: a) God is in charge of history; b)
      Jesus was the predicted Messiah; and, since Jesus came the
      first time just as prophesied, c) That God will keep His
      word for Jesus’ Second Coming!)

    4. Friend, Jesus is coming again! Are you ready? Have you
      confessed your sins and relied upon God’s mercy for your

  1. Next Week: When Kings Go to War.