Introduction: This week we finish both Daniel’s final vision and the
book of Daniel. Are you ready for Jesus to return and bring an end to
sin and death? This last chapter not only talks about the end of sin,
it gives us additional information on what we have previously been
told about the vision. Let’s jump into our study of the Bible and see
if we can learn more!

  1. The Time of the End

    1. Read Daniel 12:1. Does it seem to you that there is a
      tension in this first verse? We have Michael, “who
      protects your people” and an unprecedented “time of
      distress.” What is your understanding of those two
      statements? (Rather than tension, it appears that Michael
      is coming at just the right time to help us.)

      1. What kind of help does Michael bring? (God’s people
        are delivered. God’s people are described as
        “everyone whose name is found written in the book.”)

        1. What book is this? (Read Revelation 7:13-14 and
          Revelation 3:5. This is the book of life. Those
          listed in it are those who are saved by faith
          in Jesus.)

        2. Notice that Revelation 7:13-14 says that these
          have come out of the “great tribulation.” Is
          that a familiar topic? (It sounds exactly like
          what we are reading about in Daniel 12:1)

    2. Look again at the first part of Daniel 12:1. It says, “At
      that time.” What time is this? (Read Daniel 11:40. This is
      the “time of the end” reference that we last considered.
      I’m not sure how long the time of the end extends, but we
      have the kings of the North and South in a huge battle.
      This confirms in my mind that we are not now talking about
      the generals that followed Alexander the Great.)

    3. Read Daniel 12:2. What does this tell us about the state
      of the dead? (It says death is like a “sleep.” It would be
      odd to have a spirit that is conscious in heaven and at
      the same time refer to the dead as being asleep and then
      coming “awake.” This is strong evidence in favor of the
      doctrine of “soul sleep” – the belief that the dead are
      unconscious rather than conscious in heaven.)

      1. What are the two outcomes that we face in life?
        (Everlasting life or shame and everlasting contempt.)

        1. Which do you want?
        2. Who, only, is given everlasting life? (Only the
          righteous are given “everlasting life.” The
          lost are given everlasting shame and contempt.
          Notice that the lost are not also given
          everlasting life.)

    4. Read Daniel 12:3. What is our goal? (Being “wise” means
      that you have accepted Jesus as your Savior and desire His
      guidance for your life. Bringing others to salvation means
      that you have applied His Godly wisdom to your life. You
      have shared it. It is not merely theoretical knowledge.)

  2. Sealing the Scroll

    1. Read Daniel 12:4. Should we be able to understand this
      vision that we have been studying for the past two weeks?
      (I think our understanding of the early parts of the
      vision are pretty clear. However, the further along in the
      vision we progress the more unclear the understanding is
      to me. This suggests that some of the vision remains
      sealed and not open to understanding until “the time of
      the end.”)

      1. When is the time of the end? (Look again at Daniel
        11:40. We previously discussed its connection to
        Daniel 12:1. Daniel 11:40 does not seem to be
        theoretical or spiritual. It is very detailed about
        the nature of the weapons used. I suggested last week
        that the involvement of the United States in the
        Middle East is one possible interpretation. If that
        is the case, then the “time of the end” is at least

      2. If the “time of the end” is now, why is it that we
        have so much dispute over what Daniel 11 and 12 mean?
        (One answer is that the “unsealing” is progressive.
        As we see these events unfold we say, “Now I

    2. Read Daniel 12:5-6. How many “people” do we have here,
      aside from Daniel? (Daniel sees two “others” standing on
      opposite sides of the river. In addition, there is a “man
      clothed in linen” who stands above the water between

      1. Who are these people? (They seem to be angels. The
        description of the “man” above the river sounds like
        the person referenced in Daniel 10:5. He is even in
        the same place ( Daniel 10:4). The subsequent
        discussion in Daniel 10:13 leads me to believe that
        this is again Gabriel.)

      2. Notice the question asked of the man above the river:
        “How long … before these … things are fulfilled?”
        What things? (This must refer to the events leading
        up to the resurrection. I’ve consulted other
        translations and the question seems to be “When will
        the resurrection take place?”)

    3. Read Daniel 12:7. Notice that this is the same time period
      mentioned in Daniel 7:25. Recall that we previously
      determined that this is 3.5 years (or 42 months or 1,260
      days). If these are prophetic days, then this means 1,260
      years. Is that the time for the end of the world? (No.
      Gabriel says that this is when the “power of the holy
      people has been finally broken.” That hardly sounds like
      the end of the world. Instead, when you compare Daniel
      7:25 it tells us that the “holy people” will be “delivered
      into [the] hands” of the little horn for that period of
      time. That event sounds more like the holy people being

      1. Why does Gabriel swear that this is true? What are we
        to understand from this? (He is telling us that this
        is absolutely accurate.)

    4. Read Daniel 12:8-9. Are you feeling like Daniel at this
      point? If Gabriel is swearing that this is true, why isn’t
      he more concerned that Daniel does not understand?
      (Gabriel says that understanding will be in the future.)

      1. Do you think that the 1,260 years is the full answer
        to the timing of the end? (I do not believe that
        Gabriel has given the full answer about the end of
        the world. He has simply discussed part of the total
        time frame.)

    5. Read Daniel 12:10. Is our lack of understanding due to the
      fact that we are “wicked?”

    6. Read Daniel 12:11. What does this tell us about the 1,260
      years reaching to the end of the world? (If we have the
      same starting date, this makes clear that Gabriel is
      giving us partial answers.)

      1. What explanation do you have for this 1,290 years?
        (We previously rejected Antiochus Epiphanes as the
        “little horn” of Daniel 7. Instead, we decided that
        it better fit Papal Rome. If you use 508 A.D. as the
        starting point because Clovis, King of France,
        converted to the Catholic faith then, the 1,290 days
        reaches to 1798, when the Pope was taken prisoner by
        French General Berthier. The Pope died in exile.)

        1. Do you think that the two events mentioned in
          Daniel 12:11 bracket the 1,290 days or are they
          the beginning point of the 1,290 days? (It
          seems to me that they are the beginning point.)

        2. Does the King Clovis explanation make sense to
          you? (In the abstract, it seems more likely
          that the abolition of the daily sacrifice
          refers to either the death of Jesus on the
          cross or the destruction of the temple in 70
          A.D., rather than the conversion of a French
          king. However, the King Clovis explanation
          seems more likely if you look at Daniel 8:9-11
          which has the “Little Horn” taking away the
          daily sacrifice. If we accept that the “Little
          Horn” of Daniel 7 is the same as in Daniel 8,
          that strengthens the King Clovis explanation.)

    7. Read Daniel 12:12. Does the 1,335 days (years) seem to be
      Gabriel’s date for the time of the resurrection?

    8. Read Daniel 12:13. Does Gabriel’s advice to Daniel also
      apply to us? (Gabriel tells Daniel that he will die and
      God will fulfill what He has promised. I think that is a
      great promise for us.)

    9. Friend, perhaps those who are more “wise” than I am are
      clear on Daniel 11 and 12. For me, not everything has been
      “unsealed.” I’m waiting, trusting, and keeping my eyes
      open. What the book of Daniel very clearly teaches us is
      that God is in control. Will you accept Him and trust Him

  3. Next week: We start a new series on how to interpret the Bible.