Introduction: If you are reading this, it means that you are
still with me in this study, even though it has been hard
work to trudge through some of the details of Daniel’s
prophecies. Last week I promised you that we would discover
this week why it makes any difference, as a practical
matter, whether the “Little Horn” of Daniel 7 & 8 is
Antiochus or Rome. Why should we care as Christians? What
does it matter to modern people? Let’s jump in and discover
why this issue brings us to the heart of the gospel and the
proof of your faith!

  1. The Target of the Little Horn

    1. Read Daniel 8:9-12. What is being attacked by the
      “Little Horn?” (We previously discovered that on a
      very basic level, it destroyed the Jewish sanctuary
      in 70 A.D.)

      1. What else is being attacked? ( Daniel 8:10
        tells us that it reached into heaven and threw
        “some of the starry host down to the ground.”)

        1. What does that bring to mind? (Read
          Revelation 12:3-4 and Revelation 12:7-9.
          This is a picture of Satan bringing a
          third of the angels down to earth with him
          when he loses his fight against God.)

          1. What kind of animal is depicted here?
            (A dragon with ten horns.)

          2. What kind of animal is pictured in
            Daniel 7:19-20? (Something that could
            pass as a dragon with ten horns.)

      2. Let’s go back and read Daniel 8:11-12 again.
        What else does this Little Horn do? Who is the
        “Prince of the Host?” (The Prince of the Host
        has to be Jesus. This Little Horn thinks it is
        a replacement for Jesus. Further, this attack
        on Jesus involves the sanctuary.)

    2. Read Daniel 8:13-14. What sanctuary did we
      previously discuss was being reconsecrated
      (cleansed) here? (Because of the timing(our
      conclusion that the 2,300 days was symbolic and
      meant 2,300 years), this has to refer to the
      sanctuary in heaven.)

  2. Sanctuary Activities

    1. Hebrews 9:1-5 gives us a description of the Holy
      and Most Holy rooms of the Jewish sanctuary here on
      earth. Continue by reading Hebrews 9:6-10. What was
      the purpose of the Jewish sanctuary and its
      sacrificial system? (It is “an illustration for the
      present time.”)

      1. Are you part of the “present time?”

      2. What is being illustrated for you (us)? (1.
        The “way into the Most Holy Place” had not
        been “disclosed” as long as the Jewish
        sanctuary on earth was in existence. 2. Until
        the time of the “new order” the conscience of
        the people was not really being cleared.)

        1. Can you summarize these two points in one
          sentence? (The Jewish sanctuary on earth
          was a symbol, but not the reality, for the
          way to forgiveness of sin.)

    2. Read Hebrews 9:11-14. What is the “present time”
      reality for the forgiveness of sin, and where does
      that reality take place? (The good news for the
      present time is that Jesus is the real sacrifice
      and the real High Priest and the real work of
      forgiveness of sin is being done in the original
      sanctuary which is in heaven.)

    3. Read Hebrews 9:15. What is the “new covenant?”
      (That Jesus was the perfect “sacrificial lamb”
      because He lived a perfect life, and His death on
      the cross, if accepted by us as the substitute
      sacrifice for our sins, truly wipes away our sins.
      It takes away your sins – all of them!)

    4. Friend, do you want that? Real forgiveness of all
      of your sins?

  3. Why the Antiochus Question Matters

    1. Remember that we have learned that the Little Horn
      of Daniel 7 and 8 attacks the sanctuary (Daniel
      8:11-12), attacks God ( Daniel 7:25; Daniel 8:10-11,
      25) and attacks God’s people ( Daniel 7:21; Daniel
      8:12, 25). If the Little Horn of Daniel 7 and 8 is
      Antiochus Ephiphanes, a minor Seleucide King who
      ruled eleven years from 175-164 B.C., what
      sanctuary did he attack?(The sanctuary on earth.)

      1. If the Little Horn is Antiochus, how important
        is that to us today? (It is not important at
        all. It is a footnote about a minor figure in

      2. If the Little Horn is Rome (as I believe) in
        both its pagan and papal phases, how important
        is that to us today? (“Rome” is still with

      3. Let me repeat again that many of my most
        important religious liberty cases involved the
        defense of Catholics. I love the fact that the
        Catholic Church stands strong against abortion
        and other moral evils. But, the Catholic
        Church has a serious flaw in its theology when
        it comes to the issue of Christ our Mediator
        in the Heavenly Sanctuary. What is that flaw?
        (I think it is fair to say that the idea of
        confessing your sins to men, the idea of
        viewing Mary as your mediator, is an attack on
        the role of Jesus as our mediating High Priest
        in the sanctuary in heaven. Rome also has a
        sad history of persecuting the saints.)

      4. The Little Horn is obviously symbolic. If it
        symbolizes a power that attacks God, His
        people, and the role of Jesus our Sacrifice,
        High Priest and Mediator in the heavenly
        sanctuary, are there any other powers today
        that qualify as “little horns?” (Any religious
        belief that undercuts righteousness by faith,
        that undercuts the forgiveness of sin by faith
        in Christ alone, that describes a different
        path to heaven than through Jesus our High
        Priest, is a Little Horn power!)

        1. Can you name a few? (Islam, all of the
          “works” religions of the East, Judaism
          without a Messiah – these all describe
          ways to salvation without Jesus. They all
          miss salvation by grace alone. Indeed,
          there are a lot of members of churches
          which teach grace who unfortunately
          believe that they are saved by their
          works. If you believe you are saved by
          your works, you stand under the banner of
          the Little Horn because your belief is an
          attack on the mediating work of Jesus.)

        2. What about modern humanism? Does that fit
          within the symbolism of the Little Horn?
          (Absolutely. The “faith” of the secular
          humanist is that they are god. There is no
          god higher than the person. They are
          entitled to make their own judgments on
          what is right and what is wrong. They have
          little tolerance for Bible-believing
          Christians. Is this not an “attack” on
          God, righteousness by faith, and the

    2. We have previously determined in this series of
      lessons that “running the numbers” from Daniel’s
      prophecies using the day = a year symbolism
      predicts that Jesus is the Messiah, predicts His
      death, predicts the spread of the gospel to
      Gentiles and predicts the destruction of the Jewish
      sanctuary on earth. We also ran these numbers and
      found that they ended in 1844 or, possibly, some
      time later. Read Hebrews 9:23. Was the sanctuary
      in heaven purified? (This verse says it was
      “necessary,” using “better sacrifices.”)

      1. Read Hebrews 9:24-26. When does Jesus enter
        the sanctuary in heaven to do away with our
        sins? (“At the end of the ages.”)

      2. Read Hebrews 9:27-28. What follows Jesus doing
        away with our sin? (He comes again to take us
        to heaven with Him.)

    3. Friend, the message of the Little Horn and its
      attack on the sanctuary is a message for today –
      not some dusty footnote in history. The saints
      today are surrounded on all sides by belief systems
      that are an assault on righteousness by grace
      alone. The “1844” message is that we are saved by
      faith alone. Jesus is working on our behalf in the
      sanctuary in heaven. Jesus has a judgment, from
      which we can only be saved by faith in Him. When He
      finishes that judgment, He will “appear a second
      time” to “bring salvation to those who are waiting
      for Him.” ( Hebrews 9:28) Are you among those
      waiting for Him? Or, are you allied with the
      Little Horn: the religious philosophy that
      salvation comes some other way than through Christ

  4. Next week: The Pre-Advent Judgment.