Introduction: In our last lesson we learned that salvation by grace
alone was the important issue in whether the “Little Horn” was
Antiochus Epiphanes or Rome. It turned out that “1844” is an issue of
righteousness by faith: we have a Mediator in the Heavenly sanctuary
who has given His life and offers His blood on behalf of our sins.
Why do we need a mediator? Doesn’t God the Father love us? Isn’t He
taking everyone to heaven with Him? Let’s dive in and find out why
we need Jesus as our mediator!

  1. The Judge

    1. Read Daniel 7:8-9. What seems to be the timing of the
      Little Horn and God taking a seat? (They seem to be going
      on at the same time.)

    2. God is obviously old. Do you think He needs to take a seat
      because He gets tired?

      1. If not, what does “the Ancient of Days took His seat”
        mean? (He is sitting on His throne. That means He is
        getting ready for some official task.)

    3. God has white hair and is wearing a white outfit. Why?
      I’ve heard of women who choose their clothes color to
      bring out the color of their eyes. Do you think something
      like that is going on here – white clothes to match white

      1. Read Leviticus 16:3-4. Who is Aaron? (The High
        Priest). What color is linen? (White). Why does the
        High Priest wear white? (It is a symbol of holiness,

      2. Is that why God wears white? (Yes. God is sitting
        down on His throne to take part in some holy, sacred

    4. Notice in Daniel 7:9 that God’s throne has flaming wheels.
      (And you thought that you had some nice rims!) What point
      is being made to us?

      1. What do you think “fire” represents? (Power. Purity.)

      2. What do you think “wheels” represent? (Speed.

    5. Read Daniel 7:10. Fire flows like a river from God’s
      throne. What is the meaning of that? What does that
      symbolize? (Have you seen a volcano erupt? Anything in the
      way of the river of fire gets destroyed. Again, I see the
      symbolism as power and purity. Nothing impure can stand
      against God.)

      1. Read Jeremiah 23:29-31. How is “fire” used here? (In
        the sense of judgment and discernment.)

    6. In Daniel 7:10 we read about “people” standing around. Are
      they also a symbol? Or, are they something else? Are they
      even people? (Read Hebrews 12:22. Daniel does not say
      these are people. He just says they are “thousands” who
      “attend” God. I think they are angels and that they, once
      again, reveal to us the power of God.)

    7. What is the purpose of all of this? (Judgment. The “court”
      is seated and the “books” are opened.)

    8. Think about modern judges. What are some of the questions
      that arise about judges of today? (Whether they are fair?
      Whether they are being honest? Whether their judgments can
      be enforced? Whether their judgments should be enforced?)

      1. Given our discussion so far, how are all of these
        questions resolved when it comes to the judgment of
        God? (God is holy, sacred, pure and powerful. His
        fire consumes what is wrong.)

  2. The Judgment

    1. How would you like to be standing before God in the scene
      that we just studied? (All of the older American federal
      court rooms I have seen were designed to instill a sense
      of awe in the people coming before the judge. Judges
      always sit higher than the lawyers or anyone else. As we
      have contemplated this judgment scene in the Bible, the
      “awe” factor off the charts.)

      1. In addition to being an awesome scene, what else
        worries you about being before this Judge? (Purity.
        Holiness. I have a clear vision as to at least some
        of my sins. How could I ever stand alone before such
        a Judge? I could not.)

    2. Read Daniel 7:11 and Daniel 7:21-22. How does the Little
      Horn fare before the Judge? (Judgment is pronounced
      against him. He is slain.)

      1. Is the Little Horn insane? How can he stand before
        God and speak boastful words? (It seems absolutely
        impossible to believe that the Little Horn is
        actually in the presence of God being boastful. The
        scene would hardly permit such a thing.)

      2. If the Little Horn is not in the presence of God, why
        does Daniel emphasize the “boastful” words in the
        context of God’s judgment? (Remember last week we
        discussed that Rome qualified as the Little Horn
        because of its flawed approach to sin. From the very
        beginning of time (compare Daniel 8:10 with
        Revelation 12:3-4) the Dragon/Little Horn symbol has
        stood apart from God, not depended on God. The
        forgiveness of sins comes from confessing them to
        Jesus and the application, through faith, of Jesus’
        sacrifice on our behalf. We concluded that all of
        the “works” religions are included in the symbolism
        of the “Little Horn.” If we can visualize from
        Daniel 7 just a bit of the power and purity of God,
        how incredibly arrogant, stupid and boastful is the
        idea of standing before our Holy God based on our own

  3. Our Lawyer/Mediator

    1. Read Daniel 7:13-14. Who is the “one like a son of man?”
      (Jesus! This is Jesus after His birth as a human so that
      now He looks like us.)

      1. As opposed to the Little Horn, how does Jesus fair
        before the pure, holy and all-powerful Father God?
        (He is welcomed. He has the same attributes as God
        the Father: “authority, glory and sovereign power.”)

        1. Is that “the Guy” you want representing you
          before God in heaven? Is He the one you want to
          stand in your place?

  1. Our Choice

    1. Read again Daniel 7:21-22. If we are right that this
      judgment begins around 1844 (that is to say some modern
      time and not the time of Antiochus) and takes place before
      the Second Coming of Jesus, how is the Little Horn waging
      war against the saints and defeating them? (It is
      defeating them by taking away their concern about a final
      judgment and taking away their active faith in Jesus as
      their Mediator. It defeats them when it convinces them
      that they can stand alone before God.)

      1. Friend, does the war between good and evil seem
        remote to you? Is your expectation for Jesus’ Second
        Coming something that you have pushed to the back of
        your mind?

    2. Read Daniel 7:24-25. We have a specific time period
      mentioned here. Do you recall what we studied about this?
      (In Lesson 4 of this series we studied that this 3.5 year
      period covered 1,260 days. Under the “a day = a year”
      symbolism we have studied, this gives us 1,260 years.)

      1. How does this 1,260 year period fit into our picture
        of the Little Horn waging war against the saints
        until the Heavenly Court sits and gives the saints
        victory? (Consider two possible answers. A
        Commentary, Critical and Explanatory refers to “the
        1260 years of papal misrule” and “persecution.” This
        can date from 529 A.D. This commentary also points
        out that the secular power of the church began in 752
        A.D. when the church began to grant title to rulers
        of Europe. If we started the 1,260 year period with
        the 752 A.D. date, that would bring us right to the
        present time.)

        1. If you agree with me that the symbolism of the
          “Little Horn” encompasses not simply Rome, but
          any religious group that teaches salvation by
          something other than Christ’s righteousness, are
          Christians at war today with these kinds of
          religious powers?

    3. Read Revelation 16:13. What familiar “face” do we see
      here? (The dragon again!)

      1. Who does he have with him? (Frogs, the beast and the
        false prophet.)

        1. Are these companions also symbolic of the
          “little horn” theme of salvation by works? (Levi
          de Paula Tavares, who for many years has
          translated these lessons into Portuguese, points
          out that the “frogs” represent spiritualistic
          religions who believe in gradual purification
          through successive reincarnations. I believe
          the “false prophet” is Islam – another “works”
          religion. We see a group of “works advocates”
          united together.)

    4. Friend, do you see the final line-up of powers? Do you see
      the choice you must make? A judgment is taking place.
      Will you stand alone, on your own merits, before an
      awesome God? Or, will you choose Jesus as your
      representative, your substitute? For me, the choice is a
      “no-brainer.” I choose grace!

  2. Next week: The Gospel and Judgment.