Introduction: Daniel is now an old man. He has been a captive and a
foreigner for most of his life. His fondest hope has been to have his
country and God’s sanctuary rebuilt so that the Jewish people could
go home and properly worship God again. With that background, let’s
jump into our study of Daniel 9!

  1. The Prayer

    1. Read Daniel 9:1-3. When was Daniel praying? (The first
      year of King Darius. The Bible Knowledge Commentary
      identifies this as 539 B.C. – 66 years after Daniel had
      been exiled.)

      1. Do you remember Darius?(Read Daniel 5:30-31. Darius,
        the Mede, followed Belshazzar as ruler when the Medo-Persians defeated the Babylonians. This tells us that
        Daniel’s prayer follows in time his vision of chapter
        8. Compare Daniel 8:1.)

      2. What is Daniel praying about? (Daniel is praying
        about Jeremiah’s prophecy ( Jeremiah 29:10)that the
        destruction of Jerusalem and the captivity of the
        Jews would last for only 70 years. Since Daniel is 66
        years into his exile, we can understand why he is
        praying about this topic.)

    2. Read Daniel 9:4-6. What got the people into trouble?

      1. What does Daniel say about the people and prophecies?
        (Daniel tells us that the people have a rebellious
        attitude. They act on that attitude by disobeying
        God. Further, they do not listen to God – this is
        shown by the fact that they ignore His prophets.)

      2. Why is the attitude of the people so important?
        (Daniel says that God keeps His covenant of love with
        those who love and obey Him. Daniel may be concerned
        that God will not bring His people back home after 70
        years if they are out of line with God’s will.)

    3. Read Daniel 9:11-13. What did Moses write that had been
      fulfilled against Jerusalem? (In Deuteronomy 28 Moses
      wrote that if God’s people were faithful they would be
      blessed. If they were not faithful, things would not go
      well for them. Daniel is writing that God’s people have
      gotten what they deserved.)

      1. Is the Deuteronomy 28 principle still at work today?

    4. Read Daniel 9:14. What is the bad news? (That after all
      this, God’s people have still not learned their lesson.)

    5. Read Daniel 9:15-16. To what historical fact does Daniel
      refer? (The Exodus from Egypt.)

      1. Why does he refer to the Exodus? (It shows that God
        has, in the past, been willing to rescue His people
        from slavery. Even people who had not turned back to
        Him. God has shown mercy and love to rebellious
        people. Thus, Daniel suggests that God should do this
        again to his people who are in captivity in Medo-Persia.

    6. Read Daniel 9: 17-19. On what basis does Daniel ask God to
      consider and do something about His promise regarding
      Jerusalem? ( Daniel 9:17: Because Daniel, God’s servant is
      asking. Daniel 9:18:God’s mercy. Daniel 9:19: God’s name.)

    7. In Daniel 9:19 Daniel asks God to forgive His people. Can
      Daniel confess the sins of others? (Consider 1 John 5:16-17 and Job 1:4-5.)

  2. The Answer

    1. Read Daniel 9:20-21. Who shows up? (Gabriel – the angel
      who came to see him before. We previously learned that
      Gabriel stands in the presence of God.)

      1. How do you like the timing of God’s response?
        (Gabriel left heaven when Daniel began his prayer and
        arrived while he was still praying!)

      2. What time of day did Gabriel show up? (The time of
        the evening sacrifice.)

        1. What “evening sacrifice” is Daniel talking
          about? (Daniel was so focused on the sanctuary
          service that he “tells time” based on when the
          evening sacrifice would have taken place. Of
          course, no sacrifice is taking place on earth
          because the sanctuary was destroyed before.
          Indeed, that was the main reason Daniel was
          praying, he looked forward to God fulfilling His
          promise to rebuild the sanctuary in Jerusalem.)

    2. Read Daniel 9:22-23. Understanding about what? What is the
      topic on which Daniel needs greater understanding?
      (Clearly the topic of the sanctuary in the vision of
      Daniel 8. Daniel is thinking and praying about restoring
      God’s sanctuary. The last time Gabriel spoke to him
      ( Daniel 8:14 and Daniel 8:26) it was about the sanctuary
      service. But, Daniel did not understand then. (Daniel
      8:27) So, Gabriel picks up where he left off last and
      continues his prior discussion. An interesting point is
      the Hebrew word used for the vision in Daniel 8:26, 8:27
      and 9:23 is the same root word: “mareh.” Thus, Gabriel’s
      insight and understanding about the “vision” in Daniel
      9:23 is about the same vision spoken of in Daniel 8:26 &

    3. Read Daniel 8:13-14 and Daniel 8:26-27. What is of
      continuing interest to Daniel? (Daniel wants to go home.
      Daniel wants the Jewish sanctuary to be rebuilt and God’s
      people to properly worship him. Daniel has the most keen
      interest in this, but so far he cannot understand this
      prophecy that deals with this subject.)

    4. Let’s get back to Daniel 9. We are going to take just a
      peek at next week’s study. Read Daniel 9:24. “Seventy
      `sevens'” is an odd term. What do you think a “seven”
      means? (“Seven” would logically refer to a week. A week
      has seven days. Thus, Gabriel is speaking about 70

      1. How long is seventy weeks? (Seventy weeks would be
        about a year and a third (1 1/3).

    5. Read Daniel 9:25. Who do you think is the “Anointed One?”
      (See Acts 10:37-38. This refers to the Messiah – Jesus.)

    6. If you were Daniel, what would you be thinking right now?

      1. Will the sanctuary in Jerusalem be rebuilt? (Yes!
        Daniel’s fondest hope is going to be fulfilled.)

        1. Will it be easy to rebuild?

    7. Read Daniel 9:26. What is the bad news? (The sanctuary
      gets destroyed again! The Anointed One is cut off. It
      sounds like a terrible tragedy.)

    8. Friend, next week we will study in detail this seventy
      week prophecy that so concerns and excites Daniel. Our
      God is interested in us and He wants us to know that He
      controls kings and kingdoms and our future. Our future
      depends in part upon our actions. Jesus is coming again!
      Are you ready? Have you confessed your sins and relied
      upon God’s mercy for your salvation?

  3. Next Week: 70 Weeks.