Introduction: Last week we learned that Jesus is fully God.
He is not an angel. Instead, angels are His heavenly
subjects. This week, Hebrews turns to the subject of Jesus
being fully human. Let’s dive into the Bible and learn more
about our Lord!

  1. Son of Man

    1. Read Hebrews 2:6-8. Does this remind you of your
      memory? Is the writer of Hebrews in the early
      stages of Alzheimer’s when he writes “someone wrote
      somewhere…?” (As we will see next, Hebrews is
      quoting from Psalms. I’m not sure why he starts out
      this way, but he gets the quote right!)

    2. Read Psalms 8:3-5. We see again this week that the
      writer of Hebrews has his mind on Psalms. We find
      this same phrase, “son of man” that we found in
      Hebrews. Who do you think is being described in
      Psalms as “son of man?” (I think this is simply
      talking about those born of humans.)

      1. We have three characters described in these
        parallel verses in Hebrews and Psalms. Who are
        they? (“Man,” “son of man,” and “angels”
        (Hebrews) “heavenly beings” (Psalms).)

      2. The identity of man and angels is pretty clear
        in both books. Who is the “son of man” in

        1. Is this us? Is this Jesus? (This could
          mean “human beings.” However, Jesus
          refers to Himself as the “Son of man” in
          verses like Matthew 8:20.)

      3. Since Psalms 8 and Hebrews 2 contain parallel
        texts, do you think they refer to the same
        “son of man?” Could they be referring to
        different things even though they use the same
        language? (If you look at the context of the
        verses in Psalms 8, it strongly suggests we
        are just talking about humans in the “son of
        man” statement. The context of the verses in
        Hebrews 2 (which we will be looking at in a
        moment)appear to adapt the statements in
        Psalms to Jesus.)

        1. If I am right, what would be the point of
          that? Why adapt the reference in Psalms 8
          to humans to Jesus in Hebrews 2? (The
          point is to show us that Jesus was fully
          human. It gives us the clear message that
          Jesus was fully human. He went from being
          God, to being fully human back to being

  2. Lower than an Angel?

    1. Read Hebrews 2:9. We just read in Psalms 8:5 and
      Hebrews 2:7 that the “son of man” was made “a
      little lower than the angels.” Who is being
      described in Hebrews 2:9 as “a little lower than
      the angels?” (This clearly speaks of Jesus. This
      also bolsters the idea that the references in
      Psalms to humans are being adapted in Hebrews to

      1. We spent a great deal of last week’s
        discussion on how Jesus was superior to the
        angels. How do you explain this sudden switch?
        Why is Hebrews now anxious to tell us that
        Jesus was lower than angels? (The context
        refers to when Jesus came to earth. Again,
        Hebrews is hammering on the theme that Jesus
        was fully human.)

      2. Does Jesus stay in the “lower than an angel”
        status? (He is now crowned with glory and
        honor because of His life and death on our

      3. Why is it important in Hebrews 2:9 to show
        that Jesus was fully human? (“So that by the
        grace of God He might taste death for
        everyone.” If Jesus had not been fully human,
        then His death would not have proven that
        God’s law is just and that humans could have
        obeyed the law. An important part of the
        incarnation was to prove God right and Satan
        wrong about the character of God’s law. If
        Jesus were not fully human, Satan would have
        claimed God had brought a “ringer” into the

  3. Ruler of All?

    1. Read Hebrews 2:5 and re-read the second and third
      sentences of verse 8. Verse 5 tells us the “world
      to come” is not subject to angels. To whom is it
      subject?(Because the context is the quotation from
      Psalms 8, it appears that God has subjected the
      world to come to us – humans.)

      1. What do you think about the idea that world to
        come will be made for you?

      2. Notice the little phrase in verse 8 “at
        present we do not see everything subject to
        him.” Is the world now subject to us? (No.
        Many things are out of our control.)

      3. We have been debating whether Hebrews is
        talking about humans or Jesus in the
        references to “son of man.” Is this statement
        in Hebrews 2:8 about things not now being
        subject to “him” “at present” referring to
        Jesus or humans? (The commentaries that I read
        say “humans.” Clearly, this text is right if
        it refers to humans. The lesson (Tuesday)
        could be read to say “Jesus” because it
        suggests Hebrews 2 converts Psalms 8 to a
        Messianic prophecy.)

      4. Would it make any sense to you if the “him” in
        Hebrews 2:8 refers to Jesus and not us? (What
        attracts me to the idea that Hebrews 2:8b can
        be understood to refer to Jesus is the comfort
        that it gives me when bad things happen to
        good people. A simple explanation is that not
        everything right now is subject to Jesus’
        complete will. The implication is that all
        things will be subject to His will in the

    2. Revelation 21:4 tells us that in heaven there will
      be no more “death or mourning or crying or pain.”
      The gospels report many miracles by Jesus when He
      healed the sick and even raised the dead to life.
      At the same time I see sickness and death all
      around me. One of my friends from academy died of
      sickness just a few days ago. If the absence of
      sickness and death is the ultimate goal, if Jesus
      eliminated sickness and death for those around Him
      when He was on earth, why do sickness and death
      still abound now if He is the ruler of the earth?
      (This is why I like to read Hebrews 2:8 “we do not
      see everything subject to him now” to apply to
      Jesus. It helps me make sense of things. I do
      believe that in any specific situation Jesus has
      the power to assume complete control.)

  1. Perfect Through Suffering?

    1. Read Hebrews 2:10. How can Jesus be made “perfect”
      through suffering?

      1. Wasn’t Jesus already perfect? Wasn’t that the
        “point” of His incarnation? That He was
        perfect and lived a perfect, sinless life?

      2. Could suffering make anything better? Much
        less perfect? (The key to understanding this
        text is in the two phrases “in bringing many
        sons to glory” and “the author of their
        salvation.” Through His suffering and death,
        Jesus brought humans to glory – that is He
        opened up the possibility of our salvation as
        a result of His suffering. This is one way in
        which Jesus became the perfect and the
        complete Savior. He did not need to gain a
        perfect character. He already had that. The
        other way in which He became a perfect Savior
        for us is that He completely understands the
        temptations and suffering that we face.
        Indeed, He understands better than we do. Not
        only was He the focus of Satan’s efforts
        (while you and I are not), but the very fact
        that He did not sin shows (as our lesson for
        Thursday notes) that He was tempted more than
        us because He did not sin and we always do.)

    2. Read Hebrews 2:11-13. How are we related to Jesus?
      (We are family. We are His brothers and sisters.)

      1. Why is that important? Is it because you are
        a “social climber” and want to be able to
        claim you are related to God? (It is just the
        opposite. We were part of God’s family. We
        were sons and daughters of God created in His
        image. Through sin, that relationship was
        severed and Satan became our “father.” (See
        John 8:41-44.) Jesus has simply restored us to
        our original family relationship.)

  2. Free at Last

    1. Read Hebrews 2:14-15. Do you fear dying? Why?

      1. What is the solution to the fear of dying?
        (Verses 14 and 15 tell us that Jesus destroyed
        the master of death. As a result, we no longer
        need to fear him or death.)

    2. Read Hebrews 2:16-18. What does this tell us is the
      ongoing work of Jesus? (Jesus not only atoned for
      our sins, but He helps us when we are tempted.
      Jesus understands us and He knows what we are going

    3. Friend, Jesus, our Creator and our God, became a
      man so that He could defeat sin on our behalf. He
      knows what it is like to live our life. Not only
      did Jesus defeat death on our behalf, He continues
      to work today as our Mediator. What do you say to
      accepting His work? Agreeing to join the family of

  3. Next week: Jesus, Higher and Better.