Introduction: Humans fell into sin, but it was not like accidentally
tripping on a root and falling. Adam and Eve made some important
choices in their “adventure” into sin. Thankfully, our God did not,
in disgust, abandon us. Instead, His desire then and His desire now
is to bring us out of sin. This week our study is how we got into sin
and what the Holy Spirit is doing to help us out of sin and to help
us prepare for eternal life. Let’s dive into the Bible and learn

  1. Sin

    1. Read Genesis 3:1. The text tells us that the snake was the
      smartest animal around. This obviously was a very smart
      snake to be talking. Is this just a snake? (No. Read
      Revelation 20:2. This is Satan taking the form of a

      1. It seems that Eve should have run away from a talking
        snake. Why do you guess she did not? (First we are
        told that snakes were very smart – thus, she might
        have thought this was unusual, but not impossible.
        Sort of like you finding a talking dolphin. Second,
        humans had dominion over all of the animals (Genesis
        1:28), thus Eve was “in charge” of this snake and she
        might have felt confident for that reason.)

    2. Read Genesis 3:2-5. What attitude does the snake suggest
      towards God? (God cannot be trusted. He is trying to take
      advantage of Eve. He wants to keep Eve in the dark. God
      does not want Eve to be equal to Him.)

      1. What tools did Eve have to resist this temptation?
        (She had been around God enough for her to be able to
        trust God.)

      2. What tools was Eve missing to resist this temptation?
        (Eve did not know what God knew. She could not be
        certain that Satan had his facts wrong. Perhaps this
        was a special tree with special powers introduced by
        a special snake with special powers.)

      3. How does Eve’s temptation compare to most of your
        temptations? (In most of our temptations we have a
        pretty good idea of whether Satan has his facts
        wrong. We have seen the results of sin. Likely, we
        have seen the results of the very sin into which
        Satan is currently tempting us.)

        1. How are your temptations like Eve’s temptation?
          (Satan was asking Eve to do two things. First,
          not trust God. Second, to exercise her own
          judgment over the specific command of God.)

        2. How common a temptation is it to trust our own
          judgment instead of God’s judgment? (Any time
          that we say we will disregard the Bible because
          we know better or because we are more
          sophisticated, we are trusting our wisdom and
          judgment over the command of God.)

  2. Anti-sin

    1. Read Romans 4:1-3. What is the “anti-sin?” (Abraham
      “believed God.” Faith in God’s word. Faith in God. This
      was counted as righteousness in Abraham.)

    2. Let’s read a little bit of the background for this. Read
      Genesis 15:2-6. Compare for me Eve’s situation with that
      of Abraham? (They both had a desire for something they did
      not presently have. One believed God and the other did

      1. How believable was God in each situation?

      2. On what could Eve base her faith?

      3. On what could Abraham base his faith?

      4. What contrary evidence did each have?

      5. Is your situation more like Abraham’s or more like

    3. Let’s continue with Romans 4. Read Romans 4:4-5. Who does
      God justify? The jobless wicked who trust Him?

    4. There is a common saying that I hear: “God saves you from
      your sins, not in your sins.” How does that compare with
      what we just read in Romans 4:4-5?

      1. Read Romans 4:6-8. How does this little saying
        compare with what David says?

        1. Does David talk about our sins being “covered”
          (as opposed to eliminated) because he is an
          “obvious sinner?” (Obvious sinners should more
          clearly recognize what God has done for them.)

    5. Read Romans 6:1. What does this question suggest about
      the logical answer to whether the wicked are saved by
      faith? (This question makes it that much clearer – the
      obvious conclusion is that sinners are saved by faith.
      They are saved “in” their sins. The logical extension of
      this is “Let’s keep sinning so that God’s grace can cover
      more of our sins.”)

      1. What is God’s will about us and sin? (Read Romans
        6:2-4. (Grace saves sinners in their sin. But, God
        tells us that just as Jesus was raised to new life,
        so we need to die to our sins and “live a new life.”)

      2. Read Romans 6:15-18. What do you think about the
        words, “you wholeheartedly obeyed the form of
        teaching to which you were entrusted?” What does this
        mean? (These people worked with all their heart to
        obey God.)

        1. How would those words apply to the reaction of
          Eve and Abraham that we studied above?

        2. How would those words fit Romans 4:5 “the man
          who does not work but trusts God [is
          righteous]?” (Works are disconnected from
          salvation. But, when we choose God and choose
          grace we choose obedience.)

        3. How would those words now apply to the phrase
          “you have been saved from your sins, not in your
          sins?” (God saves sinners. But, God’s goal is
          for us to get out of sin and leave our sins

  3. Holy Spirit and Faith

    1. Read Romans 5:1-2. On what basis do we have access to
      peace and grace? (Faith in Jesus.)

      1. We decided earlier that “Satan was asking Eve to do
        two things. First, not trust God. Second, to
        exercise her own judgment over the specific command
        of God.” Is this still Satan’s approach to us even
        today? (Yes. This is why faith, trusting in Jesus, is
        so very important.)

    2. Let’s skip down and read Romans 5:18-19. What did you do
      to be stuck with the sins of Eve and Adam?

      1. What did you do to merit the obedience of Jesus?
        (This is an excellent way for us to look at how our
        “works” save us. We had as much to do with Adam and
        Eve’s sin as we had to do with Jesus’ victory over
        sin. We cannot claim credit.)

    3. Read Romans 5:1-5. I wanted us to read verses one and two
      again so that we could see how they all work together.
      What does verse 2 say is the basis for our rejoicing?
      (Hope in the glory of God.)

      1. How do we get to hope? (Here is a tip-off that the
        life of the Christian will not always be easy. Hope
        is the result of a series of transformations which
        begin with suffering!)

      2. How much of a role do you think our sinful nature
        plays in our sufferings? (In Romans 7 Paul talks
        about his personal struggle with sin. I believe that
        this “suffering” includes our battle against sin. We
        do not like the fact that we still have a sin
        problem, but we can have peace about it because we
        will be able to see the transformation from
        perseverance, to character development, to hope for a
        better future.)

      3. What role does the Holy Spirit play in this series of
        transformations? (The Holy Spirit pours God’s love
        into our heart – thus giving substance to our hope.)

    4. Read Romans 5:6-8. We just said that in the battle against
      sin, the Holy Spirit pours God’s love into our hearts.
      What does that mean, as a practical matter? How do these
      verses explain this? (God’s greatest love for us was shown
      in Jesus’ crucifixion for our sins. He died for you. The
      work of the Holy Spirit is to remind us that Jesus has
      paid the penalty for our sins. That we are saved by
      faith, not any works of our own. This knowledge of what
      Jesus has lovingly done on our behalf to defeat sin and
      death causes us to want to choose and trust Him over sin.
      In addition, the Holy Spirit pours love into our hearts to
      help us to fulfill our hope of walking more closely with
      God. To help us more fully reflect God’s character.)

    5. Read 2 Peter 1:2-4. What does the power of the Holy Spirit
      help us to do? (“Escape the corruption in the world caused
      by evil desires.”)

    6. Friend, will you trust Jesus and choose Him today?

  4. Next week: The Sin Against the Holy Spirit.