Introduction: The goal of Luke’s writing comes down to this, our last
lesson: to bring us to the conclusion that Jesus is God. God came to
earth and lived as a man to reveal God’s character, and then God died
in our place to save us. Jesus rose from the grave to eternal life
giving us the choice of eternal life. It is a powerful story that has
changed the course of history and given the highest hope to humans!
Let’s dive into our final study of Luke and learn more!

  1. The Garden

    1. Read Luke 22:39-40. Recall that when we discussed Luke
      11:4 (“and lead us not into temptation”) we resisted the
      idea that God would tempt us. When Jesus tells the
      disciples to “pray” that they “will not fall into
      temptation” is He concerned about them being led into
      temptation? (He prays they will not be overcome by
      temptation. He knows they will be tempted. Compare Luke

    2. Read Luke 22:41-42. How much does Jesus want to avoid
      being tortured to death?

      1. Would Jesus like a way out of this? (Yes. In Luke
        4:5-8 Satan offered Jesus a way to reclaim the world
        and avoid the terrible suffering. Satan’s easy
        solution, however, would have meant defeat.)

      2. What does Jesus say about His attitude toward the
        will of God the Father? (He defers to it.)

    3. Read Luke 22:43-44. What does God do to help Jesus at this
      time of terrible pressure? (He sends an angel who
      strengthens Jesus.)

      1. Have you been under a tremendous amount of stress,
        prayed to God for help, and then felt guilty because
        you were still anxious? Is it wrong to still feel

      2. Read Revelation 21:8. Are you shocked to see that the
        first named characteristic of those who are lost is
        being cowardly? Is that even a sin? (The only way
        this makes sense to me is if it refers to those who
        don’t trust God. Therefore, I hate it when I ask God
        for help and I’m still anxious.)

      3. Look again at Luke 22:44. Is Jesus still in anguish
        after He prays and after the angel comes to encourage
        Him? (Yes. The pressure in my life will never begin
        to approach the pressure faced by Jesus at this
        moment. But, I feel better knowing that Jesus still
        sweat blood after He asked God for help.)

        1. Jesus felt the pressure, but how did He react?
          (He did not back down. He was not a coward. He
          trusted His Father.)

    4. Read Luke 22:45-46. Have the disciples let Jesus down?
      Will others let you down when you face terrible problems?

      1. What, specifically, is the problem with the disciples
        sleeping? (Again, Jesus mentions the concern about
        them falling into temptation.)

  2. The Kiss

    1. Read Luke 22:47-48. What does a kiss normally represent?
      (Kindness, love, affection.)

      1. How do you think Judas would answer Jesus’ question?
        (Hopefully, Judas thought he was forcing Jesus into
        overpowering the Romans. Pride and arrogance would
        allow those thoughts: I’m smarter than Jesus when it
        comes to handling the future.)

        1. Which is worse: pride and arrogance, or
          betraying Jesus? (Isn’t self-dependance a
          betrayal of God’s love and power?)

    2. Read Luke 22:49. Is this a reasonable question? (We
      previously skipped over this: read Luke 22:36-38. Jesus
      previously told the disciples to get armed, even telling
      them a sword was more important than a coat. At the
      suggestion of Jesus the disciples are armed, and they now
      ask if it is the time to fight.)

      1. Are the disciples cowards? (Not at this point.)

    3. Read Luke 22:50-51. This disciple did not wait for Jesus’
      instructions. Who struck before having permission? (Read
      John 18:10-11. Peter! Notice that Peter had previously
      ( Luke 22:32-33) said he was willing to die for Jesus. He
      was telling the truth.)

    4. Read Luke 22:51. How should the crowd have reacted to
      this? (They saw a miracle!)

    5. Read Luke 22:52-54. What do you think is going through the
      minds of Judas and Peter? (Things are going completely
      wrong. Jesus told the disciples to have swords. The
      opposing crowd is armed. Peter used his sword. But, Jesus
      reprimands Peter and submits to being captured. He does
      not use power to defeat His enemies.)

  3. Crucifixion

    1. Read Luke 23:33-34. What power does Jesus assert? (The
      power of love and forgiveness! Not physical power.)

    2. Read Luke 23:35-39. How would you respond if you were
      Jesus, the Ruler of the Universe? (It is one thing to be
      scorned when we have no power. It is something else
      completely to suffer scorn when we could easily defeat our

      1. Is overlooking insults part of your character?

    3. Read Luke 23:40-43. Instead of thinking about retribution,
      what is Jesus thinking about? (Saving a criminal. In the
      midst of terrible physical pain and mental anguish, Jesus
      is still seeking the lost!)

      1. Consider this message of grace. This criminal admits
        that he is being justly killed for his crimes. Yet,
        we know he is saved by Jesus.

    4. Read Luke 23:44-46. Tell me what you think is important
      about the last words of Jesus? (He trusts His Father to
      the end.)

    5. Re-read Luke 23:45. Why was the temple curtain torn in
      two? (In Exodus 26:33-34 we find that in the sanctuary a
      curtain separated the Holy Place from the Most Holy Place.
      The ark was in the Most Holy Place and it symbolized the
      presence of God as part of the sanctuary service. When
      Jesus died as the “Lamb of God”( John 1:29), He fulfilled
      what the sanctuary sacrificial system symbolized.)

  4. Resurrection

    1. Read Luke 24:1-5. What does this mean? (Jesus is alive!)

    2. Read Luke 24:6-8. Why remind the women of what Jesus
      previously said? (This helps to confirm the miracle and
      give it credibility. Jesus foretold that this would

      1. Why do you think that Jesus’ resurrection was
        reported first to women? (Read Luke 23:49; Mark
        14:48-50; and, John 18:15. It seems that most of the
        men left Jesus, but most of the woman stayed with

    3. Read Luke 24:36-43. What is Jesus doing? (Giving them
      concrete evidence that He is risen from the dead.)

    4. Read Luke 24:44-47. What is Jesus’ goal here? (He bolsters
      the physical evidence with the Bible texts which predicted
      His death and resurrection. They thought Jesus’ death was
      an unexpected and terrible turn of events, but He shows
      them that is precisely what the Bible predicted and
      exactly what He told them would happen.)

    5. Read Luke 24:48-49. What duty did Jesus assign His
      disciples? (To be a witness to His death and

      1. What help did Jesus promise with this task? (The Holy
        Spirit! Do you have the Holy Spirit aiding you in
        advancing the Kingdom of God?)

    6. Read Luke 24:50-53. How does Luke’s story end? (Jesus
      returns to heaven, and humans worship and praise the God
      who lived, died and arose to save them.)

    7. Friend, if you have not accepted the truth of this
      message, will you right now? If you have not asked for
      the Holy Spirit to come into your life to help you share
      the gospel, will you right now? What a great, loving,
      self-sacrificing and victorious God we serve. Praise Him!

  5. Next week: We begin a new study on Biblical Missionaries.