Introduction: Zechariah is a fabulously interesting book! It is
filled with symbols, complexity and great news about the gospel! We
will spend this week and the next unraveling the stories that give us
confidence in our Messiah and the message of salvation by grace
alone. Let’s plunge into our study to discover the lessons God has
for us in the first half of the book of Zechariah!

  1. History

    1. Read Zechariah 1:1-4. What is God’s historic call to His
      people? (To repent from evil and turn to God.)

    2. Read Zechariah 1:5. What happens to those who do not
      repent? Do we have forever to decide? (God says the
      opportunity to turn to Him is a limited time offer –
      limited by your life!)

    3. Read Zechariah 1:6. How did it turn out for God’s people?
      (Ultimately, at least some of them got the message,
      accepted God’s rebuke, acknowledged God’s justice, and
      repented of their sins.)

  2. The Horse Vision

    1. Read Zechariah 1:7-8. How many colors of horses do we
      have? (Three: red, brown and white.)

    2. Read Zechariah 1:9-11. Who are these multi-colored horses
      (or humans riding multi-colored horses)? (They are God’s

      1. Why do you think they are multi-colored? (This shows
        diversity among God’s people.)

      2. To whom do they report? (The angel of God.)

        1. What is the report? (The world is at rest and
          at peace.)

        2. Good news, right! We have what every beauty
          pageant contestant wants: world peace.

    3. Read Zechariah 1:12-13. Is the angel challenging God? Is
      the angel questioning God’s judgment?

      1. If so, how does God react? (It sounds like the angel
        is challenging God. God’s response is “kind and

      2. What is the lesson for us when we are challenging or
        questioning what God done?

    4. Read Zechariah 1:14-17. Was it good to question God? (It
      looks like it moved God to action! God explains that He
      was “jealous” that His people were not relying on Him.)

      1. Why would reports of world peace make God “very
        angry?” (These are people who do not rely on God at
        all. Why should they feel secure when they rely only
        on themselves?)

        1. Why would a loving God be unhappy about world
          peace and rest? (It tends to deprive the people
          of a motive to find real peace – the kind that
          only God can give.)

        2. What do we learn from this? (That peace in your
          life is not the highest goal. Reliance on God
          is the true goal.)

  3. Horse Vision Sequel

    1. Read Zechariah 6:1-3. What do we see that is the same as
      the first horse vision? (Multi-colored horses.)

      1. What is different in the sequel? (We have more
        colors. Plus, these are not just horses, they are
        horses hitched to chariots.)

    2. Read Zechariah 6:4. Does Zechariah think this is different
      from the first horse vision? (Yes, he does not understand

    3. Read Zechariah 6:5-7. Last week we noted the Hebrew word
      “ruwach,” which means spirit. What is God’s Spirit doing?
      (The Spirit of God is going throughout the earth in

      1. Is this easy? (Verse seven says they are

      2. Let’s take stock. God is unhappy with world peace and
        He sends into the world powerful horses with chariots
        (a state of the art weapon of war). Why? What do you
        think is God’s goal? (If we are correct in thinking
        that God’s goal is to get pagans to rely on Him, then
        the mission is the conversion of the world. God wants
        the entire world to rely on Him.)

  4. Flying Scroll

    1. Let’s go back a chapter. I wanted to discuss the two
      horse visions together. Read Zechariah 5:1-2. Do we need
      an air traffic controller? We have flying horses with
      chariots and now a flying scroll! We might have to sound a
      collision alert!

    2. Read Zechariah 5:3-4. The scroll is a curse, according to
      the text. Would it destroy peace and rest? If so, why?
      (The text says the writing will destroy the houses of
      thieves and liars. Do you see a picture forming in your
      mind? God is unhappy with the world because it is at peace
      with its sins. God wants the world to turn to Him,
      therefore He puts His law in the sky and flies it into the
      homes of sinners!)

      1. What does this say to those who believe in
        righteousness by faith? (We need to draw some very
        precise lines on what God desires of us. Believing
        that we are saved by grace alone is not the same as
        tolerating sin. It is our consciousness of our sin
        that drives us to grace. We should not think it is
        loving to hide the “scroll” that drives us (and
        others) to repentance and grace! We should not hide
        the scroll that changes us from relying on self to
        relying on God.)

  5. Grace

    1. Read Zechariah 3:1-2. We have a trial scene. Joshua is
      “standing before,” God. Who does Joshua represent; just
      himself? (No. On the Day of Atonement, the High Priest
      represented the people. Symbolically, God’s people are on
      trial before God.)

      1. Who brings the charges against Joshua? Have you ever
        thought that God is the One accusing you of sin? Who
        is the accuser here? (Satan. Revelation 12:10 tells
        us that Satan accuses us before God.)

        1. We discussed the role of the Holy Spirit living
          in us and leading us daily. We’ve discussed how
          the Holy Spirit can speak to us through our
          conscience. How can we distinguish between the
          Holy Spirit leading us and Satan accusing us?

      2. Who is our defender? (God. He rebukes Satan.)

    2. Read Zechariah 3:3-4. Are God’s people sinful? (Yes. The
      filthy clothes represent their sins.)

      1. How are Joshua and the people made righteous? (God
        takes away their sins. God gives them “rich
        garments”(symbolizing righteousness).)

    3. Read Zechariah 3:5. What do you think this symbolizes?
      (The turban covers the head. God is covering the mind with
      righteousness, renewing a right spirit in His people. See
      Psalms 51:10.)

    4. Read Zechariah 3:6-7. What command does God give His
      people? (To obey and enjoy the blessings that follow.)

      1. Notice the order of things. Do the people obey to
        become righteous? Or does God make them righteous by
        His grace and then tell them to obey?

    5. Read Zechariah 3:8-9. What does all of this symbolize? Who
      is the “Branch?” (Read Jeremiah 23:5-6. The Branch is
      Jesus. Jesus modifies this symbolism slightly in John
      15:5. The consistent picture is that Jesus is our
      connection to God.)

    6. Put these last few verses together. What is the message
      here? (The salvation of Joshua is a promise of the
      salvation through Jesus! Satan rightly accuses us of sin.
      Jesus takes away our sin and gives us the robe of His

      1. Let’s get back to a question I asked earlier. How do
        we tell the difference between the nudging of the
        Holy Spirit and the accusations of Satan and his
        fallen angels? (If Jesus has forgiven your sins, then
        the accuser is Satan. The Holy Spirit guides us to
        right choices, Satan beats us up over past sins. We
        should be able to tell the difference and ignore

  6. Holy Spirit Power

    1. Read Zechariah 4:1-4. Do you have an answer for Zechariah?
      What role do you think the two olive trees play? (They are
      the source of the oil which gives light.)

    2. Read Zechariah 4:5-6. What is God teaching us by this
      illustration of the trees, the oil and the lamp stand? (In
      other places in the Bible oil symbolizes the Holy Spirit.
      See, e.g., 2 Corinthians 1:21-22, Matthew 25:1-13. God
      will deliver us, He will bring light into our lives by His
      Spirit. Might and power are not the answer. Holy Spirit
      power is the answer.)

    3. Read Zechariah 4:7. What is a mountain? (An obstacle.)

      1. What “mountains” do you have in your life? What is
        the answer to dealing with them? Might or power?
        (No! “Not by might, nor by power, but by My Spirit
        says the Lord Almighty.”)

    4. Friend, will you be God’s horse? Will you challenge the
      peace of pagans with your radical message of forgiveness,
      grace, obedience and mountain moving power through the
      Holy Spirit! Why not make that commitment today? It is a
      limited time offer!

  7. Next week: Heaven’s Best Gift (Zechariah).