Introduction: How good are you at putting together a jigsaw puzzle?
You might begin by trying to match the color and pattern, then you
make sure the shape is right. Getting the right piece is not always
easy. Our lesson this week reminds me of a jigsaw puzzle. We are
going to compare certain historic “pieces” and see which seems to fit
the best. Let’s plunge into our study of the Bible to see what we can

  1. Sea Beast

    1. Read Revelation 13:1. From where does this beast come?
      (The sea.)

      1. Imagine catching this thing in your fishing net! If
        you did, could you say that you had seen one of these
        before? (Read Daniel 7:7. You have seen a Ten Horn

    2. Read Daniel 7:2-3. From where does the Daniel 7 Ten Horn
      come? (From the sea. They may be the same Ten Horn.)

      1. What does the water from which Ten Horn comes
        represent? (Read Revelation 17:15. “Peoples,
        multitudes, nations and languages.”)

    3. Read Revelation 17:7. Is this the same Ten Horn? (How many
      can there be? It seems the same.)

    4. Read Revelation 13:5-7. What do we know about this Ten
      Horn? (He is proud, he blasphemes God, and makes war
      against the saints. However, he has a limited time of

    5. Like us, Daniel is very interested in learning more
      information about Ten Horn. Let’s follow Daniel’s
      questions and see what we can learn. Read Daniel 7:19-22
      and then Daniel 7:23-24. What are the ten horns? (Ten

    6. John is also astonished by Mr. Ten Horn. Read Revelation
      17:8. What kind of a time line does Ten Horn have? (As far
      as the unsaved are concerned, he has a gap somewhere in
      the middle of his life.)

    7. Read Revelation 17:9-10. What are the “heads” of the Ten
      Horn? (They are “hills” and they are also “kings.”)

    8. Read Revelation 17:11-12. What are the “horns” of Mr. Ten
      Horn? (Again we see that they are kings who have not yet
      received a kingdom. One of them also seems to be a beast.
      They are hostile to God. It seems that the odd time line
      really belongs to one of the horns.)

    9. Read Daniel 2:36-42. Do you recall this story from Lesson
      2 in this series? What did we decide was the “fourth
      kingdom, strong as iron?” (The Roman Empire.)

    10. Let’s put our jigsaw puzzle skills to work. Does this
      fourth iron kingdom of Daniel 2 seem to be the Ten Horn of
      Daniel 7, Revelation 17, and Revelation 13? (It fits well
      enough for me. The Revelation 17:9 reference to the “seven
      hills” connects it to the city of Rome, which is situated
      on seven hills, and is the capital of the Roman Empire.)

      1. Did the Roman Empire persecute the saints?
        (Absolutely. It killed Jesus. It killed Paul.)

    11. There is some information about Ten Horn that raises an
      issue. Read Daniel 7:15-17. This says Ten Horn arose from
      the “earth” and not the sea. What should we make of this?
      (I don’t know. All of the other parts match.)

    12. Friend, the conclusion that we have reached at this point
      is widely held by students of the Bible. Where we go next,
      the question of the Little Horn was subject to more
      uniform agreement among the scholars of 150 years ago.)

  2. Little Horn

    1. Look again at Daniel 7:7-8. We have seen references to
      this “little” horn as part of the Ten Horn. What does that
      tell us about Little Horn? (It had its origin in the Roman

      1. To what is this Little Horn compared? (A man.)

        1. What might that mean? (It suggests that the
          importance of the kingdom is centered in a

      2. What does Little Horn displace? (It uproots three
        horns (kings). The Jamieson, Fausset and Brown
        Commentary describes the three kings and shows, as a
        historical matter, how their kingdoms were turned
        over to the Papacy – the religious power that arose
        from the Roman Empire.)

    2. Look again at Daniel 7:24-26. What does this view of
      Little Horn reveal? (That it opposes God, oppresses the
      saints, and tries to change “the set times and laws.)

      1. Did you notice the time period given? What is it?
        (One year, two years and half a year. This would
        equal 1,260 days, or if we conclude that these days
        are symbolic/prophetic years (see Ezekiel 4:6), it
        would be 1,260 years.)

      2. Read Revelation 13:5-7. What time period do we find
        here? (The same as in Daniel 7. Forty-two months
        times 30 equals 1,260!)

    3. What should we decide about this piece of the jigsaw
      puzzle? The JFB Commentary, as I mentioned above, says the
      Papacy is the Little Horn – which was a very common belief
      among Protestants 150 years ago. What do you think? (My
      heart and my head are in conflict. I hate attacking fellow
      Christians. In my religious liberty litigation I have
      represented wonderful, sincere Catholics who are now my
      friends. The entertainment media attacks on the Catholic
      Church make me angry. However, the historic transfer of
      power from the Roman Empire to the Vatican appears, in
      this jigsaw puzzle, to fit the prophecies of Daniel and
      Revelation. Roman Emperor Hadrian, in A.D. 135, was
      central to the change in the day of worship from Saturday
      to Sunday. According to the web site: the
      Catechism states “The Church celebrates the day of
      Christ’s Resurrection on the ‘eighth day,’ Sunday, which
      is rightly called the Lord’s Day.” The Roman Empire and
      the Catholic Church have a very bad history of killing
      Christians. I cannot ignore that.)

      1. This 1,260 day/year time period fits A.D. 38 to A.D.
        1798. The latter year is when the Pope was taken
        captive. What does this suggest about our jigsaw
        puzzle of history?

  3. Earth Beast

    1. Read Revelation 13:11. Notice that this beast seems to
      follow the Little Horn. Thus, it should come “out of the
      earth” around the last date for the Little Horn – 1798.
      When was the United States created? (July 4, 1776.)

      1. When was Australia founded? (January 1, 1901.
        However, its first penal colony was established on
        January 1788.)

      2. When was Canada founded? (July 1, 1867.)

      3. When was New Zealand founded? (May 7, 1856.)

      4. When did Peter the Great found the Russian Empire?

      5. When was the French Revolution? (1789-1799.)

    2. If the date 1798 is important to determining the identity
      of the Earth Beast, we have several countries that have
      significant dates around that time. Let’s examine them
      further to see if they fit our jigsaw puzzle. Revelation
      13:11 says that this beast arose “out of the earth.” Some
      suggest this means a lightly populated area. Which of our
      candidates fit that criteria? (The U.S., Canada,
      Australia, New Zealand, and, perhaps the Russian Empire.)

      1. Recall that Daniel 7:17 says that the Roman Empire
        arose “from the earth.” If “earth” refers to
        geography, and not population, then that would point
        to France. The Russian Empire and the Roman Empire
        also overlapped.)

    3. Read Revelation 13:11-12. Have any of our candidates
      caused the world to worship the Ten Horn or the Little
      Horn? (My understanding of history is not perfect, but I
      think the answer is “no.” The U.S., Canada, Australia and
      New Zealand have historically allowed religious freedom.
      The U.S. population (which is largely Protestant) has been
      prejudiced against the Catholic Church. The French
      Revolution was hostile to religion. The Russian Empire had
      the Orthodox Catholic Church as its state religion.
      However, in AD 1054 it split with the Roman Catholic
      Church over the authority of the Pope. None of our
      candidates fit this description – at least not so far.)

    4. Read Revelation 13:13. Have any of our candidates caused
      “fire to come down from the heaven to earth in full view
      of men?” (If you watched the U.S. invasion of Iraq, you
      saw this. Does television constitute “full view of men?”)

    5. Read Revelation 13:14-15. Has this happened? (No.)

      1. What should we do about this piece of the jigsaw
        puzzle? (We need to keep our eyes open to see what
        power best fits the description of the Earth Beast.)

    6. Friend, the religious world did not expect Jesus to come
      the way He did, even though there were many prophecies
      about His coming. This cautions us to be alert and
      continue to study the Bible and compare current events.
      Will you commit to being ever alert?

  4. Next week: God’s Seal or the Beast’s Mark?