Introduction: Last week we studied how God gave Daniel the meaning of
a vision that predicted the future, right up to the end of the world!
The book of Revelation, among other things, also tells us about the
end of the world. When we think about Revelation, we may visualize
all kinds of “monsters.” This week we consider Revelation in a more
favorable light. We focus on Jesus in Revelation. Let’s dive into our
study of the Bible and learn more!

  1. Jesus and the Churches

    1. Read Revelation 1:1. Who is the source of the message of
      the book of Revelation? (Jesus.)

      1. Why did Jesus send us this message? (So that we can
        know what will take place in the future. This reminds
        us of our study about Daniel.)

      2. Who is the messenger? (An angel gave the message to

    2. Read Revelation 1:2. How can we summarize the book of
      Revelation? (It is “the word of God and the testimony of
      Jesus Christ.”)

      1. Where have we seen this phrase before? (Read
        Revelation 1:9. John says he is on Patmos because of
        “the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.” In
        Revelation 12:17 we read that Satan is making war on
        those who “obey God’s commandments and hold to the
        testimony of Jesus.” This phrase occurs other places
        in Revelation. Revelation is about the gospel of
        Jesus Christ. The gospel is at the heart of the
        controversy between good and evil.)

    3. Read Revelation 1:3. What will we receive through our
      study of Revelation? (A blessing.)

      1. This is the second time in the first few verses that
        Jesus refers to the time being “near” or “what must
        soon take place.” Read Revelation 22:12. This was
        written two thousand years ago. Is this just false?
        If it is false, can we ignore it? (Two things. We are
        told in Psalms 90:4 and 2 Peter 3:8 that God has a
        different view of time. In fact, the context of 2
        Peter 3:8 argues that we should not lose confidence
        in the Second Coming because of what appears to us to
        be a delay. Second, if we look at this like the
        revelation last week (Nebuchadnezzar and Daniel), we
        realize that some of the revealed events about the
        history of the earth started then.)

    4. Read Revelation 1:4-6. Who is the central figure here?
      (While it mentions greetings from several entities in
      heaven, Jesus is mentioned several times. John starts out
      with praises to Jesus.)

    5. Read Revelation 1:7-8. What event does this appear to
      describe? (The Second Coming of Jesus.)

      1. That will be a great event! Why does the text say
        “all the peoples of the earth will mourn because of
        Him?” (Notice that it also refers to those who
        crucified Jesus. I conclude that the “peoples of the
        earth” refers to those who have rejected heaven.)

      2. How will Jesus come? (From heaven. Notice that “every
        eye will see him.” There will be no doubt about when
        Jesus comes.)

    6. Read Revelation 1:9. In our study last quarter, we read
      several texts that promised material and other blessings
      if we were faithful to God. What is John’s condition? (He
      is “suffering” and his attitude is one of “patient

      1. Why is he on the island of Patmos? (Commentators say
        that John was banished to this barren island by one
        of the Roman emperors. It was a method of silencing
        him (so the authorities thought) without killing

    7. Read Revelation 1:10-11. John is inspired by the Holy
      Spirit on the Sabbath. What does the Holy Spirit have in
      mind? (It is not to let John be silent. Rather, to send a
      message to seven specific churches.)

      1. Do you think these were literal churches? (Yes, it
        appears there were seven literal churches. If you
        read Revelation chapters 2-3, you will find a message
        for each church.)

      2. No doubt there were more than seven Christian
        churches at the time, why do you think the Holy
        Spirit picked seven? Do you think the number “seven”
        also has some symbolism? (Seven is the perfect
        number. I believe, along with others, that these
        seven church represent the spiritual characteristics
        of the Christian Church throughout the ages. In that
        sense, this vision describing the future of the
        Christian Church is like the one interpreted by
        Daniel, which described the nations of the future.)

    8. Read Revelation 1:12-15. Is this the Holy Spirit? (No. We
      are given more information. This is someone John sees –
      and what an appearance He has!)

    9. Read Revelation 1:16-18. Who is this? (Jesus! The prior
      (v.13) reference to “like a son of man” and the reference
      here to “I was dead, and behold I am alive for ever and
      ever” reveals this is Jesus.)

    10. Read Revelation 1:19-20. Who is behind the words given to
      John? (Jesus! Notice that Jesus refers to “what will take
      place later.” There is now no doubt that John is giving
      us a picture of the future, just like we saw with

  2. Jesus Triumphant

    1. Read Revelation 19:11-15. Who do you think this describes?
      (Recall that in Revelation 1:16 we decided that the person
      with a sword coming out of His mouth was Jesus. In the
      first week of this series, we read the beginning of
      Revelation 12 and we found in Revelation 12:5 a reference
      to Jesus ruling all nations with an “iron scepter.”)

      1. I think it is odd and ugly to have a sword coming out
        of your mouth. Why not hold it in your hand?

      2. Read Genesis 1:1-3 and John 1:1-3. How does Jesus
        exert His power? (By speaking. I think this is the
        meaning of the sword. That is why Jesus, “the Word,”
        has no need to carry a sword in His hand. Notice that
        in the texts we just read ( Revelation 19:13) Jesus is
        again called “the Word of God.”)

    2. Look again at Revelation 19:14. How many armies does
      heaven have? (More than one! The NIV translates this as
      plural: “the armies of heaven.”)

      1. Are these composed of beings from other worlds?

      2. If they have never sinned, are they “fit for duty” in
        a war?

    3. Read Revelation 19:16. Does this confirm that Rider
      ( Revelation 19:11) is Jesus? (Absolutely.)

    4. Read Revelation 19:17-18. How confident is this angel
      about the outcome of the emerging battle?

      1. What kind of attitude does this reflect? Compare it
        to the attitude that Jesus displayed towards sinners
        during His first coming? (This is tough talk.)

    5. Read Revelation 19:19-21. Does Jesus need armies? (All
      except the leaders are killed by sword coming out of the
      mouth of Jesus. If I’m right about this, Jesus destroys
      them by speaking. The armies don’t have to fight.)

      1. Notice a very important statement in these verses.
        Who is burning in sulfur? (The beast and the false

        1. What happens to the rest? (They are killed and
          eaten by birds.)

        2. What does this say about the idea of an
          eternally burning hell for those who are lost?
          (This text distinguishes between the very top
          leaders and the rest of the wicked. Because
          this is simply one reference, it should not
          resolve the matter, but you should keep the
          distinction made here in mind when considering
          the larger issue.)

    6. Read Revelation 22:12-16. Who closes out the book of
      Revelation? (Jesus!)

      1. How are the wicked and the righteous described? Why
        is this important? (The wicked are described by their
        deeds. The righteous are described by their decision
        to accept righteousness by faith – “those who wash
        their robes.” Compare Revelation 7:14. Not a word is
        said about the sins of those covered by the
        righteousness of Jesus.)

    7. Friend, Jesus is the author and the beginning and end of
      Revelation. If you want to be saved, if you want not a
      word to be said about your sins, then why not, right now,
      confess that Jesus is Lord? Claim as your robe of
      righteousness His perfect life, His death for your sins,
      and His power over death?

  3. Next week: Salvation and the End Time.