Introduction: This week we have more angels with a message! Last
week we studied the message of the first angel of Revelation 14 and
this week we continue our study by considering the messages of the
second and third angels. Let’s jump into our study!

  1. The Second Angel

    1. Remember last week we learned that the first angel came
      with the message that the time of judgment is at hand.
      Read Revelation 14:8. Does this message seem to be related
      to the message of the First angel? Can you think of any
      possible connection? (When lawyers speak of a “judgment,”
      they mean the court entered a ruling in which one party
      won and the other party lost. This seems to say that
      Babylon lost.)

    2. When I watch any sports contest, I like to know who is
      playing. Who is this “Babylon” that lost in the judgment?
      (Babylon was historically a city. Unger’s Bible Dictionary
      links it to the “ancient city-state in the plain of
      Shinar.” Genesis 11 contains the story of how Babylon
      began with the intention of building a tower that could
      survive another flood. Thus, the original philosophy of
      this city was about man trusting himself and not believing
      God. Later, in 587 B.C., Nebuchadnezzar, King of Babylon,
      destroyed Jerusalem. Thus, it was also a city-state that
      was opposed to God’s people and His city, Jerusalem.)

      1. Isn’t this second angel a little late with its news?
        Did it get lined up in the wrong order when leaving
        heaven? The city of Babylon does not exist now. How
        could the angel refer to it as part of the end time
        message of the judgment time? (While the city may not
        exist, the philosophy of man trusting in himself and
        not in God is alive and well today.)

      2. Was the message of the first angel partially
        responsible for Babylon falling? (The first angel had
        a message that, because the judgment is at hand, we
        should worship our Creator God. The philosophy of
        Babylon is completely opposed to the message of the
        first angel. Thus, those that espouse the Babylon
        message will fall in the judgment.)

    3. Revelation 14:8 tells us that Babylon made “the nations
      drink the maddening wine of her adulteries.” What do you
      think this means?

      1. Let’s break it down. What is “maddening wine?” (Wine
        that makes you loose your sense of what is right to

      2. How can adultery be compared to “maddening wine?”
        (Hosea 1 is an example of God comparing His
        unfaithful people to an adulterous wife. This is a
        common analogy that God makes in the Old Testament.
        Thus, the idea is that “Babylon” causes people to
        turn from God. Why? Their sense of right and wrong is
        lost – which results in turning away from God.)

    4. In summary, how would you describe this “Babylon” of the
      last days? (It is a power or philosophy that says that man
      can do things on his own. Man does not need God. This
      thinking, which causes us to turn away from God, is a
      loser in the final judgment.)
  1. Third Angel

    1. Read Revelation 14:9-11. Some awful stuff, right? How
      are the people identified who have these terrible things
      happen to them? (They have the beast’s mark on their head
      or hand.)

    2. What causes us to get the mark? (Worshiping the beast and
      his image.)

    3. Once again we have a “players” problem. We were curious to
      know who this “Babylon” was which had fallen. Knowing how
      to avoid being burned is a lot more urgent! Who is this
      beast? Let’s work through this and see what we can learn.

      1. Does this beast seem to have something to do with
        “Babylon?” (Remember our judicial analogy? We said
        that Babylon was the loser in the judgment. The third
        angel seems to be describing the “remedy” part of the
        judgment. Logically, “Babylon” then, is somehow
        related to those who follow the beast and are
        punished in the judgment.)

      2. Where have you seen “beasts” before in the Bible?
        (Revelation speaks of them and so does Daniel.)

      3. Do any of these beasts you have read about in the
        Bible before seem to be linked to the final judgment?

    4. You should read all of Daniel 7. Let’s focus on reading
      Daniel 7:9-10, 19-27. Is this a courtroom scene? (Yes,
      indeed!) Is this beast connected with the final judgment?
      (Yes, Daniel 7:26-27 refers to a heavenly judicial
      decision in favor of the saints.)

      1. What is the characteristic of this beast? (Verse 25
        tells us that it is in rebellion against God,
        oppresses the saints, and tries to change “set times
        and the laws.”)

      2. Now that we have more information about this beast
        from Daniel, can we tell who is this fourth beast
        that seems to be such a problem? (Matthew Henry, in
        his commentary on these verses in Daniel, says there
        are a number of possible interpretations, which
        include the Roman kingdom (which he specifically
        links to the beast of Revelation) and papal Rome.
        Adam Clarke’s commentary agrees with Henry that this
        could be the Roman empire or the Roman church. Our
        lesson (Monday) says this beast “symbolizes the
        church-state union that controlled the Christian
        world for centuries.” Our lesson, being discrete,
        does not mention any names. Matthew Henry goes on to
        say that he is uncertain who has the right
        interpretation because “[He] cannot prove either side
        to be wrong”, but goes on to say, “since prophecies
        sometimes have many fulfillings,” both could be

      3. If this beast is the Roman empire, does it have any
        relevance to you today? If it is the Roman church,
        does that have any significance to you today? (One
        conclusion (Roman empire) does not seem to have much
        relevance today. The other conclusion (Roman church)
        isn’t much more helpful. (In fact, Jesus discourages
        attacking fellow Christians. Luke 9:49-50) Aside from
        pointing fingers at a church that deserves a great
        deal of praise for leading the battle against
        abortion, what would be your conclusion? Not join? No
        one is going to be saved in the final judgment by
        “not joining” a specific church!)

      4. What do you think you should do in response to the
        message of this third angel? (Matthew Henry’s advice
        is golden. Since prophecy can have several specific
        applications, we need to look at the nature and
        attitude of this Babylon beast and be ever alert not
        to worship anything of that nature. This is a far
        safer course then being absolutely sure we have such
        a correct, infallible, understanding of prophecy (and
        the identity of this beast) that we need not worry
        about being on the wrong side of the judgment.)

      5. What do you think is the “image” of the beast? (An
        image is something that is a reflection of something

        1. Should the warning about not worshiping the
          image of the beast make us more or less careful
          about what we do? (The idea that worshiping even
          a reflection of the beast should cause us to
          keep our eyes wide open. We can be on the wrong
          side not only by worshiping the “Babylon beast,”
          but even by following anything that reflects its
  1. The Seal vs. the Mark

    1. Read Eph 1:13-14. We just learned in Revelation 14:10
      that those who receive the mark are burned with sulfur. As
      opposed to burning, here in Ephesians we find described
      people who are redeemed. What are these people marked
      with? (Verse 13 tells us we have a seal.)

      1. What is the seal? (The Holy Spirit.)

      2. And how do we get it? (Verse 13: Believing the word
        of truth.)

      3. Did you notice that verse 14 says that the Holy
        Spirit seal is a “deposit?” (KJV says “earnest”.) In
        real world terms, what is a deposit? (A current
        payment to guarantee that you will do as you

      4. What is God promising His people? (To save them!)

  2. What Should We Conclude?

    1. So we have two groups: one having the seal of the Living
      God, and another having the mark of the beast. What do
      you see as the fundamental reason one group gets the mark
      and the other the seal? (Whether they have an attitude of
      believing in God ( Ephesians 1:13) or believing in
      themselves (Babylon).)

    2. Read Revelation 14:12. What conclusion does this text give
      to the message of the three angels? (That we have to
      patiently endure.)

      1. Endure what? (It seems that we are enduring the
        sinful world around us.)

      2. What characterizes those saints who patiently wait
        for Jesus to come? (The obey the commandments and
        remain faithful to Jesus.)

    3. Friend, is that you? Are you faithful to Jesus? Do you
      demonstrate your faith is real by obeying Jesus’
      commandments? If not, the message of the three angels is
      that the time for decision is now because the hour of the
      judgment is here!

  3. Next Week: God’s Gift of Immortality