Introduction: This week we come to the seventh seal! In Revelation 6
we saw that Jesus opened the first six seals. Last week, in
Revelation 7 we studied God’s sealed people. The sealed are those who
choose to follow Jesus. This week Jesus opens the seventh seal to our
study. Why would God provide the information to us in that order?
Let’s plunge into our study of the Bible and see if we can find the
answer to that question and unravel the meaning of the seventh seal
and the seven trumpets!

  1. Seventh Seal, Seven Trumpets

    1. Read Revelation 8:1. Why do you think there is silence in
      heaven for half an hour when the seventh seal is opened?
      (We will learn that it involves some terrible things.
      Perhaps heaven is stunned by this knowledge.)

    2. Read Revelation 8:2. Where have we previously seen seven
      angels? (Read Revelation 1:20. These seven angels had
      specific messages to the seven churches.)

      1. What are the seven trumpets? (Read Revelation 1:10.
        Jesus’ voice is like a trumpet. This suggests that
        each of the seven angels has a God-given message.)

    3. Read Revelation 8:3. What does the incense represent? (The
      prayers of the saints.)

      1. Why do you think that is specifically mentioned? (We
        ended the sixth seal with the wicked hiding in caves
        ( Revelation 6:15-17), because they believed the end
        of the world was at hand. The righteous, in contrast,
        are sending up prayers to God to protect them in
        these terrifying times.)

    4. Read Revelation 8:4-5. Why hurl the censer of incense,
      which involves our prayers, to the earth? (The quarterly
      cites a Jewish commentary on the temple service. At the
      end of the daily sacrifice the priest took the censer and
      threw it on the ground, whereupon seven priests blew seven

      1. Assume that is a correct. Why should we have that
        symbolism at this very point in John’s vision? (Since
        we discussed that God’s followers were sealed in the
        last chapter of Revelation, this may signify the
        close of probation. Sacrifices have ended. Humans are
        either saved by grace or they have been judged by
        their works.)

  2. Trumpets

    1. Read Revelation 8:6-7. Hail and fire are an unusual
      combination. What does this suggest? (Read Exodus 9:25-26.
      This suggests that this is a judgment from God.)

      1. What does “mixed with blood” tell us? (People die
        because of it.)

      2. What is the result on earth? (A third of the earth is

    2. Read Revelation 8:8-9. What does this sound like to you?
      (A huge volcano erupts with disastrous effects.)

    3. Read Revelation 8:10-11. What does this sound like to you?
      (This is a huge meteor strike! It poisons the waters.)

    4. Read Revelation 8:12. What has happened here? (Part of our
      sun burns out. Because the sun provides the light for the
      moon, the result is that the light of the moon is also

      1. Recall that we have seen other references in
        Revelation to advance signs of things going wrong in
        the galaxy. This is another example.

    5. Read Revelation 8:13. Does it sound as if things are going
      to get better? (No! One commentator called the next three
      trumpets the “woe trumpets.”)

    6. Read Revelation 9:1-4. Let’s work this through. This
      sounds like another meteor strike. But, why would a meteor
      be given a key? (Read Isaiah 14:12 and Luke 10:16-18. The
      “star” that falls from heaven is Satan. I don’t think this
      is a meteor.)

      1. Read Revelation 20:1-3. What does Satan have to do
        with the “Abyss?” (Satan lives in the Abyss for a
        thousand years.)

      2. Read Revelation 20:7-8. Compare it to Revelation 9:2-4. Do these two descriptions sound similar?

      3. Look again at Revelation 9:4. What does the “seal”
        reference tell us about the timing of this? (It
        follows the description of Revelation 7, and that
        tells me that it follows the close of probation.)

        1. Read Exodus 9:26. What does this tell us about
          the Egyptian plagues? (Not all afflicted God’s

    7. Read Revelation 9:4-6. Who is torturing those who do not
      have the seal of God? (The “smoke locusts” who come out of
      the Abyss. This sounds like fallen angels – those who
      chose Satan as their leader.)

    8. Read Revelation 9:7-11. What do you conclude from the fact
      that these smoke locust/scorpions have faces that resemble
      those of humans and their “king” is the “angel of the
      Abyss?” (This is another clue that these are fallen

    9. Read Revelation 9:12-17. Remember these are those who are
      not sealed. How do they die? (“Fire, smoke and sulfur.”)

      1. Read Revelation 20:9-10. How do these enemies of God
        die? (By fire and sulfur.)

    10. Read Revelation 9:20-21. How are the rest of the wicked
      affected by these terrible plagues? (They continue with
      their evil deeds, just like nothing has happened.)

  3. The Scroll

    1. Read Revelation 10:1-4. Who did we last see holding a
      scroll? (Revelation 5 & 6 recount that Jesus opened the
      scroll. This description sounds like it is Jesus.)

    2. Read Revelation 10:5-7. What is the seventh trumpet? (It
      is the conclusion to the conflict between good and evil.)

    3. Read Revelation 10:9-11 and compare Ezekiel 2:9-3:3. What
      does it mean to “eat” the scroll? (It means to take in
      what God has described and then share it with others.)

      1. In John’s case the eating is sweet, but the scroll
        turns sour in his stomach. How did John view Jesus’
        opening of the sealed scroll? (All heaven rejoiced!)

        1. How do you think John views the trumpets? (John
          describes terrible times.)

  4. Two Witnesses

    1. Read Revelation 11:1-2. Does this sound like a
      continuation of Revelation 9-10? (No. Those chapters sound
      like the end of the world. This sounds like a description
      of the temple on earth.)

    2. Read Revelation 11:3. In verses 2 and 3 we find a
      reference to “42 months” and “1,260 days.” These are the
      same time frame. Do you think this is symbolic? (This same
      time period is also found in Daniel 7:25, Daniel 12:7,
      Revelation 12:6 and Revelation 12:14.)

      1. Re-read Daniel 7:25 and Daniel 12:7. If a “time” is a
        year, then this is 3.5 years, or 1,260 days. Do you
        think this refers to literal days?(Read Daniel 12:9.
        Daniel is told that this is a prophesy that will be
        understood in the last days. If it just meant “days,”
        then the meaning would be immediately obvious.)

    3. Read Revelation 11:3-4 and Revelation 11:7-11. In general,
      the 1,260 year period represents a time of difficulty for
      God’s people. Who are these two witnesses who are also
      called two olive trees and two lampstands? They give
      testimony to God during difficult times, are killed and
      then brought to life. (If this period represents over a
      thousand years, then these are not humans. Calling them
      “olive trees” and “lampstands” further suggests that they
      are not humans. However, the reference in Revelation 11:8
      to “their bodies” sounds like they are humans. Lawyers
      refer to a “body of law,” thus the belief that the two
      witnesses are the Old and New Testaments of the Bible is
      reasonable. Satan has waged a terrible war against belief
      in God’s word.)

    4. Friend, the end of times has been opened to your review.
      Would you like to avoid these plagues and eternal death?
      Why not choose the winning side right now by giving your
      heart to Jesus?

  5. Next week: Satan, a Defeated Enemy.