Introduction: Do you feel out of breath? We have been going through
some heavy mental lifting! We’ve worked our way through Paul’s
complex and wonderful discussion of a very simple matter – that we
are saved by grace and not by works. So many Christians stop there.
We need to get our second wind and press on because Paul has much
more to say about how Christians saved by grace should live in a
pagan world. Deep breath: let’s plunge back into our study of the
Bible and learn more!

  1. Living Sacrifices

    1. Read Romans 12:1. Paul starts out with the word
      “therefore.” How does “therefore” fit with his next
      statement that we should offer our bodies as living
      sacrifices? (We have just learned how the life and death
      of Jesus on our behalf gave believers entry into heaven.
      “Therefore,” since Jesus died for us, we should offer our
      bodies as sacrifices to God.)

      1. Does this mean that we have to die? (“Living,” is
        the relevant word here. Unlike Jesus, we do not have
        to die for our sins. Indeed, He saved us from
        eternal death. Our response is to live for Him. The
        IVP Bible Background Commentary informs us that the
        word “sacrifice” was used in Judaism figuratively to
        mean “praise or a lifestyle of worship.” Paul calls
        on us to live a life consistent with Jesus’
        sacrifice on our behalf.)

    2. Read Romans 12:2. What is the “pattern of the world?”
      (Paul tells what God does not want is for us to mimic the
      world. We should not have the same actions and attitudes
      of the world.)

      1. When the text talks about “conform,” “transform,”
        and “mind,” does that sound like offering our bodies
        or our minds?(Actions begin with our thinking. We
        are either conforming to the world or we are being
        changed into something better through the renewing
        of our mind.)

        1. Let’s be specific. What do you think it means
          to renew our mind? (Paul is calling us to use
          our brains in our everyday living for Jesus.
          Since he previously called us to live a life
          led by the Spirit ( Romans 8:5), our brains are
          to be renewed by the power of the Holy Spirit.)

      2. How can we “test” how we should live? (A mind led by
        the Holy Spirit will be able to figure out what is
        appropriate and what is not.)

        1. Does that seem to be true in your life?

        1. What kind of attitude(s) do you think form the
          basis for most sins? (I would say “selfishness”
          and to a lesser extent, “pride.”)

          1. Can selfishness survive being a living
            sacrifice? (Paul gets into the problem
            areas for Christians next.)

  1. Sacrifice One: Humility

    1. Read Romans 12:3. Is this a topic on which your mind
      needs to be transformed? (It is common in the United
      States for a person to have a custom car license plate on
      which the person’s initials are followed by the number 1.
      For example, “BNC 1.” A common saying is to “look out
      for number one.” I am number one is the philosophy of
      the world.)

      1. When our own importance is judged according to our
        “measure of faith,” does that mean the more faith I
        have the more important I am? (Perhaps. More
        likely, Paul says humility increases with faith. The
        more faith we have, the better we are able to
        soberly gauge our importance.)

    2. Read Romans 12:4-8. What does this teach us about our own
      church work? (What are you (be honest and realistic now)
      good at doing? If so, offer to do that in the church.)

      1. Let’s not miss the forest because of our focus on
        the trees. What is Paul teaching us is part of our
        post-salvation obligation to God? (To be active with
        the body of believers is an essential part of the
        Christian life. This also speaks to the problem of

  2. Sacrifice Two: Love

    1. Read Romans 12:9-13. Is everything which follows the
      instruction “love must be sincere,” an explanation of
      what that means as a practical matter?

      1. I see the bumper sticker, “Hate is not a family
        value.” This is a not-so-secret code for
        “Christians should not oppose homosexuality.” What
        do you think Paul means when he tells Christians to
        “hate what is evil?” Is hate a family value?

        1. In case you think there might be some refuge in
          a translation problem, Strong’s suggests that
          “detest utterly” or “abhor” are other ways to
          render the underlying Greek. When we find
          someone who is involved in sin, what is our
          “detest utterly” responsibility, if any?

        2. Or, would this refer only to evil in our own
          life, and not in the lives of others? (Barnes’
          Notes suggests that “hate” means that we should
          “turn from” evil – and not evil in general, but
          rather the evil of malice and unkindness.
          Instead of hating someone because they are
          involved in sin, we need to turn away from
          being malicious or unkind to others.)

        3. Can sincere love live in the same skin as
          selfishness? (This question bolsters the idea
          that Paul is talking about hating the evil in
          our own life.)

      2. How would you glue yourself to what is good? (By a
        mind transformed by the Holy Spirit!)

    2. Read Romans 12:14-18 and John 15:18-19. How can Jesus say
      that the world will only love us if we are part of it
      while Paul writes that we must be at peace with everyone?
      (The key is in Romans 18:18, where Paul teaches us that
      we cannot control the world, but we can (by the Holy
      Spirit) control ourselves. To the extent it turns on you,
      live in harmony with everyone – including the wicked.)

    3. Read Romans 12:19-21. What is God’s formula for living in
      harmony? (The world’s books and movies overcome evil by
      greater force. Christianity teaches us to overcome evil
      by greater good.)

      1. Is this a rule for governments as well as
        individuals? ( Romans 13:3-5 suggests not.)

  3. Sacrifice Three: Put Away Rebellion

    1. Read Romans 13:1-5. What kind of authority was Rome?
      (They had some of the most evil rulers.)

      1. What two reasons does Paul give for submitting to
        governmental authority? (Punishment and conscience.)

        1. The punishment part seems good, practical
          advice. But, why is God (conscience) in the
          business of promoting evil rulers? (I don’t
          think that God is endorsing evil rulers – or
          any specific evil government. Instead, God
          endorses the idea of an ordered society.
          Christians are to be part of an ordered

        2. If God puts His stamp of approval on the idea
          of an ordered society, what obligation do
          Christians have in the political realm?

          1. If Romans 13:1 teaches me that
            governmental authorities are “established
            by God,” to what extent am I to be God’s
            hands and feet in that task?

            1. Does it make a difference if you
              live in a democracy? (Yes. Otherwise
              you are a rebel.)

    2. Read Romans 13:6-7. Regardless of which side of the
      political spectrum you consider, there has been a great
      deal of disrespect shown towards the former and current
      U.S. Presidents. Do Christians have an obligation to
      respect presidents we do not like? (Paul is talking about
      rulers. Therefore we need to show respect to the
      president – even if we plan to be God’s hands and feet in
      shoving him out of office!)

    3. Read Romans 13:8-10. Are the Ten Commandments dead? (No!
      Paul starts out with the message to offer our life as a
      living sacrifice. Love we learn, is the opposite of
      selfishness. Now Paul shows that love lies at the bottom
      of the Ten Commandments “and whatever other commandment
      there may be.”)

    4. Read Romans 13:11-14. When is the time to give up those
      “deeds of darkness” you do not want others to know about?

    5. Paul, the great advocate of righteousness by faith,
      teaches us that our actions matter a great deal to God.
      Friend, will you determine today that by the power of the
      Holy Spirit you will offer your mind and body to
      obedience to God?

  4. Next week: All the Rest Is Commentary.