Introduction: Two weeks ago we learned that Jesus died to justify
“the wicked” ( Romans 4:5). That is great news, but it might lead us
to conclude, “wicked is fun” (at least for the moment), so I can be
wicked and saved. That is not the conclusion Paul wants us to reach.
It certainly is not God’s goal for us. God wants us to be walking
towards righteousness instead of wallowing in sin. Let’s dig into our
study of the Bible this week and learn more!

  1. New Life

    1. Read Romans 6:1. How would you answer Paul’s question?
      Recall that in Romans 5:20, Paul told us that where sin
      increased “grace increased all the more.”

    2. Read Romans 6:2. What answer does Paul give to his
      question? Is Paul ambiguous about the answer? (No, he in
      not ambiguous and no, he does not want us to “go on

    3. Read Romans 6:3-4. Do you know people who have some sort
      of long term medical problem, and they should do things
      like lose weight, exercise and eat more wisely? However,
      instead of doing those kinds of things, they just take
      medicine to combat the medical problem. If that makes
      sense, why not just rely on grace and go on sinning? What
      reason does Paul give us to be concerned about the
      underlying problem, the sin in our life? (When we were
      baptized, we died with Jesus for our sins. The goal is to
      be done with sin, and live a new life.)

    4. Read Romans 6:5. How would you compare death to
      resurrection? What are the different characteristics?
      (Death is something terrible. It is generally the end of
      life. Resurrection is the beginning of life. It is hope
      and joy. We want that!)

    5. Read Romans 6:6-7. Why did Jesus die for us? (To free us
      from sin and its penalties.)

      1. Can you see why remaining in sin defeats the whole
        purpose of Jesus’ death for your sins?

      2. Notice one particular phrase Paul uses, “slaves to
        sin.” How does sin enslave us? (A young man my
        daughter dated just died from a drug overdose. He
        could not get free from his addiction. He was a
        slave, and it took his life. Paul says “live the new
        life,” not the old life of slavery to sin.)

    6. Read Romans 6:8-9. We find another word that is often
      associated with slavery, that word is “mastery.” What no
      longer has mastery over Jesus? (Death.)

      1. Is that also true for us?

    7. Read Romans 6:10. How does Jesus live His life after
      resurrection? (He lives to God.)

      1. How should you lead your life after baptism?

    8. Why do you think that Paul is saying so much about death
      in a discussion of righteousness by faith? (Read Romans
      7:1-2. This is a theme of Paul’s. When we died to the law,
      it no longer has authority over us. Likewise, when we died
      with Jesus through baptism, sin no longer has authority
      over us. Exercise your freedom and refuse sin!)

  2. New Attitude

    1. Read Romans 6:11-13. Paul talks about offering our body to
      “sin” or offering ourselves to “God.” Give me a practical
      example of how you would offer yourself to God as opposed
      to offering your body to sin?

      1. When Paul uses the word “offer,” what does that tell
        us about the importance of our choices? (Grace does
        not relieve us from making tough choices. We need to
        choose to follow the path God sets before us.)

      2. Are we alone in this choice? (The Holy Spirit helps
        guide our choices. See, John 16:7-11 and Galatians

    2. Read Romans 6:14. Let’s see if we can understand this
      text. Why does grace help us more than the law helps us
      when it comes to being free from the mastery of sin and
      death? Doesn’t the law more clearly point out the
      problems in our life? (The law does point out our sin.
      But, the law simply, as Paul says, “brings wrath” (Romans
      4:15). When we are secure in our salvation, because of the
      grace Jesus provides, then we are free to make the right
      choices unburdened by the condemnation of the law. We are
      not stuck with sin being our master.)

      1. Have you ever felt discouraged because the standard
        for heaven was so high, and you were so low? (That
        is the attitude that is banished by trusting that
        Jesus gives you righteousness by faith alone. Sin and
        death are no longer your master.)

  3. Slavery

    1. Read Romans 6:15. Does this sound a lot like Romans 6:1-2?
      Why do you think Paul repeats this idea in the same
      chapter? (He is emphasizing that grace is not supposed to
      be an encouragement to sin.)

    2. Read Romans 6:16. What are our two choices? (Ultimately,
      they are death or righteousness.)

      1. Describe the path to each? (We make a choice to
        “offer” our self either to sin or to obey. That
        choice puts us on the road to either death or

      2. Why does Paul use the phrase “leads to” death or
        righteousness? (Because this aspect of the Christian
        life is a process. Grace is instant. A life choosing
        to obey is a process.)

      3. There is a great deal of un-Biblical thinking in the
        modern world. One involves an attack on a “binary”
        view of sex and gender. Instead of “male and female
        [God] created them” ( Genesis 1:27), we can choose to
        be whatever blend of male and female we want. How
        would you defend a “binary” view of sin and
        obedience? Don’t even those saved by grace sin? (What
        is binary is the choice. If you are not choosing to
        obey God, you are choosing not to obey Him. You have
        chosen sin.)

    3. Read Romans 6:17-18. What kind of obedience is Paul
      thankful for? (Wholehearted obedience.)

      1. Since we know sin does not just disappear when we are
        baptized, what does Paul mean when he says that we
        have “been set free from sin?” (If you choose sin,
        then you are a slave to it. When you choose
        obedience, then you are no longer a slave to sin.)

      2. Think about this in political terms. You either
        support or don’t support the country in which you
        live. If you choose not to support the country, you
        still live there, but you are in rebellion with its
        principles. If you choose to obey God, are you in
        rebellion against the principles of sin?

    4. Read Romans 6:19. What do you think Paul means when he
      says he is putting his argument in “human terms?” How
      else could he put it? (Slavery was common in Paul’s day.
      Paul compares our choice to slavery, although Paul
      realizes that this is far from the perfect way to compare
      the two.)

      1. Let’s test what Paul says against your own
        experience. When Paul refers to “ever-increasing
        wickedness,” is this a concept you understand? Is sin
        addictive and progressive?

        1. If you say, “yes,” that is my experience, what
          does that say about the argument about the
          choice we face being binary? (It is proved
          true. If one choice leads to a similar choice,
          and each takes us further down the chosen path,
          then we really have only two choices.)

      2. Can you also confirm that once you choose to obey,
        the choice becomes easier with time?

    5. Read Romans 6:20-22. Paul asks an incredibly important
      question. Consider the time in your life when you chose
      sin. How did that work out? Did you end up being
      embarrassed by your choices? (Our choice has both
      immediate and long-term consequences. Choosing sin leads
      to harm, embarrassment and death. Choosing to obey leads
      to righteousness, an improved life, and eternal life.)

    6. Read Romans 6:23. Recall that when we studied Romans 4:4-5, we discussed the difference between earned wages and a
      free gift. Do we earn death, but not earn eternal life?
      (Yes! Death is not a gift. We earn it. On the other hand,
      eternal life is a gift which we cannot earn.)

    7. Friend, your future lays before you. Have you chosen to
      accept the gift of grace? Great! Will you now continue on
      that path by choosing to obey rather than choosing to be a
      slave to ever-increasing sin? Why not choose obedience?

  4. Next week: Who is the Man of Romans 7?