Introduction: Who is Jesus? This is the most important question in
life. Recall our discussion last week about Thomas worrying because
he did not know the directions to the place Jesus was preparing for
him in heaven? Jesus explained to Thomas that He was not talking
about a map, He was talking about theology. In John 14:5-6 Jesus
explains that He is the only way to heaven. Like Thomas, this is
something we want to be sure we get right! Let’s jump into our study
of the Bible and learn more about Jesus!

  1. Roof Rats

    1. Read Luke 5:17. What does this suggest that the
      established religious teachers thought of Jesus? (It was
      worth the effort to travel to listen to Jesus. He was
      someone whose teachings were worth considering.)

      1. What do we learn about Jesus’ power to heal? (It
        seems that the power to heal was not present at all
        times. Jesus healed through the power of God who
        determined when that power would be present.)

        1. What does this suggest about our attempts to
          heal sick friends and family? (The power comes
          from the Holy Spirit, and it is not always
          present. God is sovereign in all things.)

    2. Read Luke 5:18-19. Pretend that you were one of the
      friends who was carrying your quadriplegic friend to be
      healed. A big crowd has gotten there before you. What
      would you do? (Come back another day and get there

      1. What kind of person thinks of climbing on the roof,
        ripping off the tiles to create a hole, and lowering
        a friend in front of Jesus?

      2. If you were speaking, would you appreciate these
        characters creating such a great distraction? Didn’t
        anyone teach them manners? What about having respect
        for the property of others?

    3. Read Luke 5:20. What did Jesus see? (Their faith.)

      1. Contemplate this just a moment. I don’t know the
        customs of the day, but I’ve got to believe that
        these guys were violating all sorts of rules of
        personal conduct and respect for private property.
        What does it teach us that of all the bad things
        Jesus could have noticed about them, what He sees is
        their faith?

        1. By the way, whose faith is Jesus referring to?

      2. Jesus says, “Your sins are forgiven.” What do you
        think: is this what the friends were hoping to hear?
        (My guess is that they were hoping to have their
        friend healed of his disability.)

    4. Read Luke 5:21. Turns out that this is not a popular
      response at all. What troubles the established religious
      teachers? (They believe that only God can forgive sin.)

      1. Do you agree?

      2. Jesus is obviously not stupid. Why do you think He
        gave this unpopular answer? (Jesus wants the
        established religious leaders to consider whether He
        is the Messiah.)

    5. Read Luke 5:22-25. What should the religious leaders think
      about Jesus knowing their thoughts?

      1. What is the answer to Jesus’ question about which is
        easier? (It is easy to say either one (although
        saying one would subject you to the death penalty,
        see Leviticus 24:13-16), but proving you had healed
        someone was a lot harder.)

      2. What point is Jesus making to the group? (He is the
        Messiah. He has authority on earth to forgive sins.
        As they know, only God has that authority.)

    6. Read Luke 5:26. What do you think the people concluded
      from this? Did they think Jesus was the Messiah?

      1. There are many Biblically illiterate people running
        around saying, “I think Jesus was a good man and a
        great teacher, but I don’t believe He is God.” After
        reading this story, what is your response to this
        kind of statement? (Jesus claimed to be God. Do good
        people lie? Do they make false claims? Generally,
        people who think they are god are lunatics. Jesus was
        either right or He was a fraud.)

  2. Son of Man

    1. Read Matthew 20:25-28. Who is Jesus calling the “Son of
      Man?” (Himself.)

      1. If Jesus wants His followers to believe He is the
        Messiah, why would He call Himself “Son of Man” as
        opposed to “Son of God?” (Read John 8:58-59. Recall
        the blasphemy law I referenced earlier? When Jesus
        clearly makes the claim to be God (“I Am”), the
        people decide to enforce the blasphemy law by stoning
        Him. Jesus had a strategic problem. He needed to
        tell the people He was the Messiah, yet that could
        get Him killed prematurely.)

    2. Read Daniel 7:13-14. What is being pictured in Daniel’s
      vision? (The Second Coming. The Messiah coming in power to
      take His followers to heaven.)

      1. What name is the Messiah given here? (“Son of Man.”
        Daniel says, “like a son of man.”)

      2. Why do you think Jesus calls Himself the “Son of Man”
        all of the time? (This is His cunning way of saying,
        “I’m the Messiah” without having the crowd pick up
        stones and start throwing them His way.)

  3. Satan’s Testimony

    1. Most Americans know the judicial rule about hearsay
      testimony. To be valid, statements have to be made in
      court so that they can be cross-examined to test their
      truth. Admissions against interest are an exception to the
      hearsay rule. These are statements that harm you. “Yes, I
      committed the murder” is an example. They are considered
      to be true statements because you normally do not admit
      something that would harm you. Let’s read Matthew 4:1-4.
      Is Satan admitting that Jesus is the Son of God? (No. But,
      it is very interesting that Satan asks Him to prove that
      He is the Son of God. It sets the stage for the next

    2. Read Matthew 4:8-10. Would Satan make this offer to you?
      Would he make it to anyone you know? Would he make this
      offer to a carpenter or a Bible teacher? (Why would Satan
      give away all of his assets? You would logically make this
      offer only if you were getting some great value in trade.)

      1. What was Satan hoping to get from this deal? (The
        fact that Satan makes this offer is an admission that
        Jesus is not just an ordinary person. If Jesus were
        God, it would make sense to offer this trade because
        Satan would then be “higher” than God. I think this
        is an admission by Satan that Jesus is God.)

    3. Read Matthew 8:28-29. What do these two demon-possessed
      men admit? (That Jesus is the Son of God, and that He will
      defeat them in the future!)

    4. Read Matthew 8:30-31. Who is speaking in this story, the
      men or the demons? (This makes clear that it is the demons
      who admit that Jesus is the Messiah and that He will

  4. The Father’s Testimony.

    1. Read Matthew 17:1-3. Who are Moses and Elijah? (We know
      these are prominent figures from the Old Testament who
      have gone to heaven. See 2 Kings 2:11 and Jude 9.)

      1. What does this suggest about the nature of Jesus?

    2. Read Matthew 17:5-6. Who is speaking? (God the Father in
      Heaven. He says that He is pleased with “My Son.”)

  5. Your Testimony

    1. Read Matthew 16:13-14. What do you think about these
      answers? (They show that the people thought Jesus was

    2. Read Matthew 16:15-16. How do you answer this question?

    3. Friend, the question Jesus put to His disciples is the
      question for you today. Do you believe that Jesus is the
      Son of the Living God? As Thomas was told, this is the key
      to heaven. Will you accept that key today?

  6. Next week: The Holy Spirit.